Garden Hymn, The
DESCRIPTION: "The Lord into his garden comes, the flowers yield a rich perfume." The hymn describes how God's presence brings life to the garden. Jesus will "conquer all his foes And make his people one."
EARLIEST DATE: 1800 (published by Jeremiah Ingalls)
KEYWORDS: religious nonballad
FOUND IN: US
REFERENCES (3 citations):
Chase-AmericanFolkTalesAndSongs, pp. 158-159, "The Garden Hymn" (1 text, 1 tune)
SongsOfAllTime, p. 39, "Garden Hymn" (1 text, 1 tune)
48MuchLovedFolkSongs, p. 21, "Garden Hymn" (1 text, 1 tune)
Singers from Stewart's Chapel, Houston, MS, "Nashville" (on Fasola1)
NOTES [225 words]: The authorship of this piece is somewhat dubious. It's usually credited to Jeremiah Ingalls, but sometimes to William Campbell. In the 1971 Sacred Harp Campbell is given credit as "Translator," whatever that means in the context of an English-language hymn. Sacred Harp gives Alexander Johnson as composer of the tune, but Amelia Ramsey, in her notes to the Stewart's Chapel recording, credits Ingalls for the tune as well. - PJS
Which mostly proves how confused the data in the Sacred Harp can be. John Martin writes to note that many of the Sacred Harp editions lack this piece, and others give different attributions.
Martin adds that he has searched the works of Ingalls, and finds the poem there, in a form rather different from the Sacred Harp version (e.g. it lacks the part about Jesus conquering his foes). Ingalls, Martin writes, "describes the words as 'att. John Stocker, 1777.'"
John Julian, editor, A Dictionary of Hymnology, 1892; second edition 1907 (I use the 1957 Dover edition in two volumes), p. 1712, adds that it "Appeared anonymously in J. Leavitt's Christian Lyre, 1839, Pt. i., No. 22, and subsequently in several collections, including the American Baptist Hymnal, 1903."
I finally gave up and decided to eliminate all author references for the piece. In any case, chances are that any version you hear is composite. - RBW
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