Broomfield Hill, The [Child 43]

DESCRIPTION: A girl wagers with a boy that "a maid I will go to the Broomfield Hill and a maid I shall return." At home she regrets her error, but a witch tells her how to make her love sleep on the hill. She arrives on the hill, leaves a token, and wins her wager
AUTHOR: unknown
EARLIEST DATE: 1769 (Herd)
KEYWORDS: magic wager sex trick witch
FOUND IN: Britain(England,Scotland) US(Ap,NE,Ro) Canada(Mar,Newf) Ireland
REFERENCES (29 citations):
Child 43, "The Broomfield Hill" (6 texts)
Bronson 43, "The Broomfield Hill" (30 versions -- but the last six are "The Maid on the Shore" -- plus 1 in addenda)
Bronson-SingingTraditionOfChildsPopularBallads 43, "The Broomfield Hill" (8 versions: #3, #4, #10.1, #13, #17, #20, #23, plus #27 which is "The Maid on the Shore")
Dixon-AncientPoemsBalladsSongsOfThePeasantryOfEngland, Ballad #14, pp. 116-119, "The Merry Broomfield, or the West Country Wager" (1 text)
Bell-Combined-EarlyBallads-CustomsBalladsSongsPeasantryEngland, pp. 297-300, "The Merry Broomfield" (1 text)
Palmer-EnglishCountrySongbook, #65, "The Broomfield Hill" (1 text, 1 tune)
Palmer-FolkSongsCollectedBy-Ralph-VaughanWilliams, #24, "Merry Green Broom Fields" (1 text, 1 tune)
Greig/Duncan2 322, "The Bonnie Broom-Fields" (2 texts)
Lyle-Andrew-CrawfurdsCollectionVolume2 109, "The Bonny Brumefeils" (1 text)
Butterworth/Dawney-PloughboysGlory, p. 29, "Merry Bloomfield" (1 text, 1 tune)
Williams-FolkSongsOfTheUpperThames, p. 75, "The Maid's Wager" (1 text) (also Williams-Wiltshire-WSRO Ox 210)
Reeves/Sharp-TheIdiomOfThePeople 21, "The Broomfield Wager" (3 texts)
Karpeles-TheCrystalSpring 19, "The Broomfield Wager" (1 text, 1 tune) {Bronson's #4}
OShaughnessy-MoreFolkSongsFromLincolnshire 3, "The Broomfield Hill" (1 text, 1 tune)
Roud/Bishop-NewPenguinBookOfEnglishFolkSongs #63, "Broomfield Hill" (1 text, 1 tune) {Bronson's #21}
Barry/Eckstorm/Smyth-BritishBalladsFromMaine pp. 438-442, "The Broomfield Hill" (1 songster version plus extensive notes)
Flanders-AncientBalladsTraditionallySungInNewEngland1, pp. 275-279, "The Broomfield Hill" (1 text, 1 tune)
Hubbard-BalladsAndSongsFromUtah, #4, "The Broomfield Hill" (2 texts, 1 tune)
Leach-TheBalladBook, pp. 150-152, "The Broomfield Hill" (1 text)
Quiller-Couch-OxfordBookOfBallads 24, "The Broomfield Hill" (1 text)
Friedman-Viking/PenguinBookOfFolkBallads, p. 148, "The Broomfield Hill" (1 text)
Grigson-PenguinBookOfBallads 16, "The Broomfield Hill" (1 text)
VaughanWilliams/Lloyd-PenguinBookOfEnglishFolkSongs, p. 26, "The Broomfield Hill" (1 text, 1 tune) {Bronson's #23}
Combs/Wilgus-FolkSongsOfTheSouthernUnitedStates 11, pp. 113-114, "The Broomfield Hill" (1 text)
Henry/Huntingdon/Herrmann-SamHenrysSongsOfThePeople H135, p. 414, "The Broomfield Hill" (1 text, 1 tune)
MacColl/Seeger-TravellersSongsFromEnglandAndScotland 7, "The Broomfield Hill" (1 text, 1 tune)
Morgan-MedievalBallads-ChivalryRomanceAndEverydayLife, pp. 33-33-34, "The Broomfield Hill" (1 text)
ADDITIONAL: Walter de la Mare, _Come Hither_, revised edition, 1928; #325, "The Broomfield Hill" (1 text)

Roud #34
George Maynard, "A Wager, A Wager" (on Maynard1)
Walter Pardon, "Broomfield Hill" (on WPardon01, HiddenE)
Cyril Poacher, "Broomfield Hill (The Broomfield Wager)" (on FSB4, FSBBAL1) (on Poacher1)

cf. "The Maid on the Shore (The Maid on the Sea Shore; The Sea Captain)" [Laws K27]
cf. "Martinmas Time"
cf. "Lovely Joan"
cf. "The Maid and the Horse"
cf. "The Sleepy Merchant" (plot)
cf. "Geaftai Bhaile Atha Bui (The Gates of Ballaghbuoy)" (plot)
The Broomfield Wager
Green Broom
The Merry Green Fields
NOTES [128 words]: For some inexplicable reason, the notes in Sam Henry claim that H133, "Bess of Ballymoney" (p. 461) is this song. I believe this is an accidental repetition of the notes on H135.
David C. Fowler, A Literary History of the Popular Ballad, Duke University Press, 1968, p. 281, says that the first known text of this song omits the magical element; the girl goes to the hill, finds the man asleep, leaves a token, and leaves. On this basis, he suggests that the magic sleep is an intrusion. Textually, this makes sense, but it costs the song some of its motivation; if the girl wanted an assignation, why didn't she wake him up, and if she didn't, why did she go at all?
Reeves/Sharp-TheIdiomOfThePeople is a composite of six texts including three fragments. - BS
Last updated in version 5.2
File: C043

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