Stalking Cyber Stalking

What is Cyber Stalking?

  • Use of internet, e-mail, or other electronic communication devices to stalk another person.
  • A Cyber stalker relies on anonymity by using the internet to allow them to stalk a victim without being detected.
  • Working to Halt Online Abuse- Reported 58% of cyber stalkers are male and 32% female.
  • Ways cyber stalker might stalk a victim is through chat rooms, instant messaging, myspace and facebook.
  • Stalking situations:
  • malice: the desire and intention to terrorize and hurt you
  • premeditation: presence of planning
  • repetition: to cause fear and distress to you the target
  • obsession: stalker cannot stop, despite warnings
  • vendetta: stalker seeks revenge against you
  • no legitimate purpose: harassment has no valid purpose, other than to terrorize you and cause you distress.
  • personally directed: harassment is directed at you personally.
  • threats: a statement made to fear the victim physical safety.

Why do people cyber stalk?

  • Cyber stalkers are driven by hate, anger, revenge, jealousy, obsession, and mental illness.

Tips for staying safe online

  • Keep your primary email address private.
  • Select a gender-neutral username, email address- avoid anything cute, sexual.
  • Don’t give out personal information.
  • Never give your password to anyone.
  • Save offending messages and report them to your service provider.

Advice for those who believe they are being stalked

  • Do not reply to your stalker.
  • Do not destroy your communication from stalkers.  Save all communications on your computer.
  • Do not keep stalking a secret. If there is any indication that a stalker might have your offline information (name, address, phone number)- call the police immediately.
  • Do not take threats as a joke.  If a stalker threatens physical violence, call the police immediately.
  • Do not feel unempowered.   You can resist stalkers, and most states have anti-cyber stalking laws.

Statistics

According to the 2008 cyber stalking statistics posted by WHOA (Working to Halt Online Abuse)

  • 57% of stalking victims had prior relationship with the harasser
  • 45% of the harassers were ex-boyfriends, girlfriends, spouse
  • 19.5% occurred after dating online  
  • 71% of the cases escalated
  • 25% of the people were threatened of offline/physical violence

Cyber stalking laws

  • California cyber stalking
  • Section 1708.7 of the Civil Code is amended to read: 1708.7.
  • Section 422 of the Penal Code
  • Section 646.9 of the Penal Code
  • Section 653m of the Penal Code

Resources

WHOA (Working to Halt Online Abuse) - http://whoa.femail.com

Cyber Angels - http://www.cyberangels.org

GetNetWise - http://www.getnetwise.org

What is cyber stalking?

http://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid14_gci865159,00.html

Stalking situations?

http://www.wiredsafety.org/cyberstalking_harassment/definition.html

Cyber stalking resources?

http://www.blogtalkradio.com/DesertRose/blog/2009/01/17/What-is-Cyberstalking

Tips for staying safe online?

http://www.predators.tv/research/cyberstalking.asp

http://www.wiredsafety.org/cyberstalking_harassment/csh10.html

Those who believe they are being stalked?

http://www.wiredsafety.org/cyberstalking_harassment/cyberstalking_if.html

Cyber stalking laws?

http://www.haltabuse.org/resources/laws/california.shtml

http://www.wiredsafety.org/cyberstalking_harassment/us_states/california.html

Statistics?

http://www.haltabuse.org.org