Standard 9: School Safety and Violence Prevention

The program provides candidates with opportunities and experiences to understand ways in which school environments can enhance the safety  and well- being of all pupils. The program provides candidates with the knowledge and models of systematic school safety planning that include  comprehensive school climate and crisis response plans addressing elements of prevention, intervention, and  treatment. The program provides candidates with opportunities and experiences to demonstrate knowledge and skills to assist in the development and implementation of a comprehensive program to reduce the incidence to school site violence. The program provides candidates with knowledge and skills that address the needs of witnesses, victims, and perpetrators of violence as they relate to improved behavior and enhanced teaching and learning.

1. Grief and Loss

Candidates are able to help pupils cope with grief and loss in their lives and to implement procedures to assist those who require more intensive interventions through coursework in:

*Psychology 278 - Intervention and Prevention
  o Learning Objective - 1,2
  o Three-Tier Model for Anxiety/Depression - Session 13
  o Three-Tier Model for Health Promotion - Session 15
Psychology 282 - Cognitive and Behavior Therapy
  o Childhood Depression - Session 7
  o Posttraumatic Stress Disorder - Session 9

2. Risk of Violence, Victimization, or Perpetration

Candidates are aware of issues and procedures related to successfully identifying those youths who exhibit behaviors suggesting that they might be at risk of violence, victimization,  or perpetration through the following coursework:

*Psychology 278 - Intervention and Prevention
  o Learning Objective - 1,2
  o Three-Tier Model for Anxiety/ Depression - Session 13
  o Three-Tier Model for School Violence/ Gangs/Resiliency Model -
Session 14
*Psychology 282 - Cognitive and Behavior Therapy
  o Historical Context of Child Therapy - Session 2
  o Behavior Assessment System for Children - Session 3
  o Emotional Disturbance and Educational Diagnoses - Session 5
Psychology 267 - Internship in School Psychology
  o Topic: Crisis Intervention - Session 30 - Spring Semester
Psychology 255T - Contemporary Social Psychology
  o Lecture: Human Aggression - Session 15
  o Share: Discuss Media depiction that glorifies or promotes aggression and discuss violence, Discuss the psychology of bullying - Session 17

3. Negotiation Skills, Conflict Management, and Mediation  Skills
Candidates are able to use negotiation skills, conflict management  skills, and mediation skills to help school staff communicate  with difficult and or angry parents, pupils, teachers, and other school staff through the following coursework:

*Psychology 282 - Cognitive and Behavior Therapy
  o Learning Objective- 4
  o Working with Families and Students of Diverse Backgrounds -
Session 4
Psychology 278 - Intervention and Prevention
  o Learning Objective- 1,2,3
  o Group Contingencies/Classroom Management/Taken Economics - Session 8
  o School-Wide 3 Tier Intervention/Peer Mediation - Session 10
*Psychology 279 - Consultation  and Supervision
  o Team Consultation/Discussion of Team Consultation -  Session 22
  o Class Discussion of the Interview/Home School/Collaboration/Working with Parents - Session 25
  o Consultation in School Setting/Communication Skills/Problem Solving Model - Session 3
Psychology 267 - Internship in School Psychology
  o Goal 2 - Fall, Spring Semesters
  o Topic: Crisis Intervention - Session 30 - Spring Semester

4. Environment, Community Context, and Substance  Use
Candidates are aware of the influence of environment, community context, and substance use on the occurrence of violence and are capable of incorporating  this knowledge into a comprehensive school safety plan through coursework in:

Psychology 255T - Seminar in Psychobiological  Bases of Behavior
  o Learning Objectives - 3, 6
  o Chapter 8- Drug Abuse, Dependence, and Addictions - Session 7
*Psychology 278 - Intervention and Prevention
  o Learning Objective - 1,2,3
  o Three-Tier Model for Health Promotion - Session 15
Psychology 267 - Internship in School Psychology
  o Goal 10- Fall, Spring Semesters

5. Theories of Violence and Aggression

Candidates demonstrate knowledge of theories of violence and aggression as they relate to a pupil's development through coursework in.

*Psychology 278 - Intervention and Prevention
  o Learning Objective - 1
  o Three-Tier Model for Anxiety/ Depression - Session 13
  o Three-Tier Model for School Violence/Gangs/Resiliency Model - Session 14
*Psychology 282 - Cognitive and Behavior Therapy
  o Emotional Disturbance and Educational Diagnoses - Session 5
Psychology 255T - Contemporary Social Psychology
  o Learning Objective  2,3
  o Lecture: Human Aggression- Session 15

6. Crisis  Intervention

Candidates demonstrate knowledge and skills related to implementing  crisis interventions and management, including triage (prioritizing needs in emergency situations), psychological first aid, and follow-up with pupils, parents, and school staff through coursework in:

*Psychology 278 - Intervention and Prevention
  o Learning Objective - 1
  o Three-Tier Model for Anxiety/ Depression - Session 13
  o Three-Tier Model for School Violence/Gangs/Resiliency Model -
Session 14
Psychology 267 - Internship in School Psychology
  o Topic: Crisis Intervention - Session 30 - Spring Semester
Psychology 282 - Cognitive and Behavior
  o Learning Objective - 3

7. Bullying Behavior

Candidates demonstrate knowledge of bullying behavior in school and have skills in applying research-based  models and programs designed to limit the occurrence of bullying on school campuses through coursework in:

*Psychology 278 - Intervention and Prevention
Learning Objective- 1
o Three-Tier Model for Social Skills/Bullying/GLBT Awareness - Session 12
o Three-Tier Model for School Violence/ Gangs/Resiliency Model -
Session 14
Psychology 267 - Internship in School Psychology
o Goal 10- Fall, Spring Semesters
o Topic: Crisis Intervention - Session 30 - Spring Semester
Psychology 255T - Contemporary Social Psychology
o Discuss the psychology of bullying, How can school bullying be reduced? - Session 17

8. Sexual  Harassment

Candidates understand the dynamics of the laws pertaining to and strategies to reduce the incidences of sexual harassment in schools through coursework in:

Psychology 277 - Role and Function of the School Psychologist
  o Legal Issues - Session 20
  o Ethical Issues - Session 24
*Psychology 267 -  Internship in School Psychology
  o Goal 10 - Fall
  o Legal and Ethical Issues on Professional Relationships - Session 6 - Fall Semester

9. Exposure to Violence

Candidates demonstrate knowledge about exposure to violence as a significant developmental risk factor in the lives of children and adolescents through coursework in:

*Psychology 282 - Cognitive and Behavior
  o Posttraumatic Stress Disorder - Session 9
Psychology 205 - Seminar in Developmental Psychology
  o Peers Empirical - Session 24
Psychology 267 - Internship in School Psychology
  o Goal 10 - Fall, Spring Semesters
Psychology 255T - Contemporary Social Psychology
  o Lecture/Discussion: Human Aggression - Session 15

10. Inter-Group Conflicts and Gang Activity

Candidates demonstrate  knowledge about the role that both inter-group conflicts and gang activity can play in the occurrence of school site violence through coursework in:

Psychology 270T-2 - Working with Diverse Students and Families
  o Topic: race, ethnicity and learning - Section 5 - Session 3
  o Student case presentation - gang presentation by a group - Section 5 - Session 4
*Psychology 278 - Intervention and Prevention
Learning Objective - 1,2,3
  o Three-Tier Model for Social Skills/Bullying/GLBT Awareness -
Session 12
  o Three-Tier Model for School Violence/Gangs/Resiliency Model -
Session 14
Psychology 282 - Cognitive and Behavior Therapy
  o Learning Objective - 3
  o Emotional Disturbance and Educational Diagnoses - Session 5
Psychology 255T- Contemporary Social Psychology
  o Lecture: Human Aggression - Session 15

11. Conflict Management and Peace Building

Candidates demonstrate comprehensive  knowledge about school -wide programs designed to implement conflict management  and peace building into the school environment including the classroom and school yard through coursework in:

*Psychology 278  - Intervention and  Prevention
  o Learning Objective - 1,2
  o Group Contingencies/Classroom Management/Taken Economics - Session 8
Psychology 267 - Internship in School Psychology
  o Topic: Crisis Intervention - Session 30 - Spring Semester
 
12. Suicide and Substance Abuse

Candidates demonstrate knowledge of methods of assessment that contribute to interventions  for the development of pupils' self-esteem and lowering  the risk of suicide and substance abuse through coursework in:

*Psychology 278 - Intervention and Prevention
  o Learning Objective - 1,4,5
  o Three-Tier Model for Anxiety/ Depression - Session 13
Psychology 282 - Cognitive and Behavior Therapy
  o Learning Objective - 3
  o Behavior Assessment System for Children - Session 3
  o Emotional Disturbance and Educational Diagnoses - Session 5
Psychology 267 - Internship in School Psychology
  o Goal 10 - Fall Semester
  o Goal 10 - Spring Semester
  o Topic: Crisis Intervention - Session 30
Psychology 225T - Psychopharmacology for Professionals  Psych_255T
  o Outcomes- 3,4,6
  o Drug Abuse, Dependence, and Addiction- Session 7

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