Standard 3: Socio-Cultural Competence

The program provides candidates with opportunities and experiences to display and understand ways in which ethnic, cultural, socioeconomic, and environmental factors influence pupil learning and achievement. Candidates will learn skills to work effectively with pupils and their families from diverse backgrounds. The program provides candidates with an understanding and appreciation for diversity.

An understanding of the importance of developing cultural competence is provided to candidates in order to effectively serve diverse and changing communities. The program provides candidates with an understanding of the ways in which educational policies, programs and practices can be developed adapted, and modified to be culturally congruent with the needs of pupils and their families.

1. Ethnic, Cultural, Socioeconomic and Environmental Factors

Candidates are required as a part of the application process to write an essay on how their own ethnic identity will contribute to the field of School Psychology and how their own identity and life experiences will provide them with the understanding necessary for working with persons of different ethnic origins.

Through lecture, discussion, and practica in the following courses the candidates gain knowledge related to socio-cultural influences:

Psychology 205 - Seminar in Developmental Psychology
  o Developing within Cultures Overview and Empirical - Sessions 4,5
  o Nature and Nurture Interplay Overview and Empirical - Sessions 6,7
  o Language and Family Overview and Empirical - Sessions 13,14
Psychology 267 - Internship in School Psychology
  o Goal 10 - Spring/Fall Semesters
*Psychology 270T-2 - Working with Diverse Students and Families
  o The entire course
Psychology 277 - Role and Function of the School Psychologist
  o Demographics - Session 4
  o Demographics - Session 6
  o Home school Collaboration - Session 25
  o Cultural and Individual Differences - Session 26
  o Multicultural School Psychology - Session 27
Psychology 278 - Intervention and Prevention
  o Learning Objectives - 2, 3
  o Three Tier Model for ADHD - Session 11
Psychology 279 - Consultation and Supervision
  o Multicultural Consultation - Session 15
  o Class Discussion of the Observations – Session 15,16
  o Examination and Major assignments - Part 1 - Pg, 5
Psychology 282 - Cognitive and Behavior Therapy
  o Working with Families and Students of Diverse Backgrounds - Session 4
Psychology 287-Fall Practicum in School Psychology
  o Outcomes and Goals 1-7-1st Year/ Fall Semester
  o Diversity: Services at your site for culturally and linguistically diverse students Case Presentations - Session 12
Psychology 287-Spring Practicum in School Psychology
  o Outcomes and Goals 1-10 1st Year/Spring Semester
  o Site Discussion, Case Presentation - Session 13
Psychology 287-Fall Practicum in School Psychology
o Outcomes and Goals - 1-8 - 2nd Year/ Fall Semester
Psychology 287-Spring Practicum in School Psychology
  o Outcome and Goals - 1-10 - 2nd Year/ Spring Semester
  o Course Description - Pg, 1 - 2nd Year/ Spring Semester
  o Learning Objectives - 1-10
Psychology 286 - Instructional Consultation and Intervention
  o Goals and objectives 1
  o Students will describe and identify different factors that affect student learning of academic skills.
  o Multicultural Issues in Instructional Consultation for ELL Students - Sessions 1
  o Reading Interventions with ESL Students - Sessions 26, 27
Psychology 284 - Assessment of Intellectual Abilities
  o Adaptive Behavior - Session 23
  o Adaptive functioning and Behavior Problems in relation to level of education in children and adolescents with intellectual disability. - Session 24
  o Adaptive Behavior Scale - Session 25
Psychology 285 - Assessment of Learning & Developmental Problems
  o Assessment in context: assessment in an ecological mode – Session 2
Counseling 201 - Seminar in Multicultural Aspects of Counseling
o Entire Course
Counseling 240 - Seminar in Counseling of. Exceptional Children & Their Parents
  o Entire Course
Psychology 287 / Psychology 267 – Practica and Internship

2. Students' Value Systems

Through the essay required for application to the program each candidate demonstrates his/her value system. (See Program Handbook, pp. 8-9.) Throughout the program candidates' values, in comparison to those with different values and beliefs, are challenged through the discussion/lecture process.

Psychology 277 - Role and Function of the School Psychologist
  o Ethical Groups - Session 24
  o Cultural and Individual Differences - Session 26
     Multicultural School Psychology - Session 27
Psychology 278 - Intervention and Prevention
  o Learning Objectives - 2,3
  o Consultation and Intervention Project - Pg, 4
Psychology 279 - Consultation and Supervision
  o Multicultural Consultation - Session 15
  o Class Discussion of the Observations – Session 15,16
Counseling 201 - Seminar in Multicultural Aspects of Counseling
  o Learning Objectives - 1-6
  o The multicultural journey to cultural competence: Personal Narratives - Session 1
  o The Superordinate Nature of Multicultural Counseling and Psychotherapy - Session 2
  o The politics of Counseling and Psychotherapy Ethical guidelines in multicultural Counseling - Session 4
  o Sociopolitical Considerations of Trust and Mistrust - Session 5
  o Racial, Gender, and Sexual Orientation Micro-aggressions: Implications for Counseling and Psychotherapy - Session 6
  o Non-Western and Indigenous Methods of Healing- Session 10
  o Racial/Cultural Identity Development:Therapeutic Implications -   Session 11
  o White Racial Identity Development:Therapeutic Implications - Session 12
  o Minority Group Therapists: Working with Majority and other Minority Clients - Session 14
Counseling 240 - Seminar in Counseling of Exceptional Children & Their Parents
  o Outcomes - 4,5,6,7
  o Family Partnership, and Interview Report - Pg, 2
  o Defining a Special Needs Child overview of the Family Partnership Project - Session 2
  o Family Support Services in Schools - Session 3
  o Characteristics of Specific Disabilities and their Impact on Families; Misunderstood Minds - Session 6
  o Cultural and Language Differences/Cultural Aspects of Dis - Session 7
  o Fostering Effective Parent & Family Educational Advocacy - Session 9
  o Academic Intervention Programs/Psychosocial Aspects of
Development; Support Service to Assist Parents & Families
transition Planning & Programming- Session 12

3. Social and Cultural Influences

The following coursework requires the candidate to understand and become knowledgeable about the wide variety of social and cultural influences that affect pupils in a school setting. These include the impact of bias, prejudice, processes of intentional and unintentional imposition, entitlement and discrimination. Practicum experiences are beneficial in this regard in that students exposed to and working in the field from their first semester are aware of, and understand the diversity of pupils' own life experiences and how such experiences influence pupils' career objectives.

Courses include:
Psychology 205 - Seminar in Developmental Psychology
  o Outcome 2: Demonstrate Knowledge and Understanding of Theory and Research in selected areas of Social and Cognitive Development
  o Developing within Cultures Overview and Empirical - Session 4,5
  o Nature and Nurture Interplay Overview and Empirical - Session 6 ,7
  o Language and Family Overview and Empirical- Session 13,14
  o Sample Exam Questions Unit 2, 3, 4
*Psychology 255T - Contemporary Social Psychology
  o Learning Objectives - 1,2,3
  o Lecture/Discussion: Prejudice - Session 17
  o Discuss Examples of subtle racism, sexism, or ethnocentrism -   Session 20
Psychology 278 - Intervention and Prevention
  o Learning Objectives - 1, 2, 3
  o Preschool Interventions - Social Skills/Communication- Session 16
Psychology 279 - Consultation and Supervision
  o Multicultural Consultation - Session 15
  o Class Discussion of the Observations – Session 15,16
Psychology 282 - Cognitive and Behavior Therapy
  o Working with Families and Students of Diverse Backgrounds - Session 4
Psychology 286 - Instructional Consultation and Intervention
  o Goal 1
  o Multicultural Issues in Instructional Consultation for ELL Students - Sessions 1
  o Reading Interventions with ESL Students - Sessions 26, 27
Psychology 284 - Assessment of Intellectual Abilities
  o Learning Objective - 2,4
  o Issues in Assessment - Session 5
  o Ethnic Minority Students/ELL - Session 18
Psychology 267 - Internship in School Psychology
  o Goal 8 - Fall/Spring Semester
*Counseling 201 - Seminar in Multicultural Aspects of Counseling
  o Learning Objectives 1-6
  o The multicultural journey to cultural competence: Personal Narratives -  Session 1
  o The Superordinate Nature of Multicultural Counseling and Psychotherapy - Session 2
  o The politics of Counseling and Psychotherapy Ethical guidelines in multicultural Counseling - Session 4
  o Sociopolitical Considerations of Trust and Mistrust - Session 5
  o Racial, Gender, and Sexual Orientation Micro-aggressions: Implications for Counseling and Psychotherapy - Session 6
  o Barriers to Effective Multicultural Counseling/Therapy - Session 7
  o Culturally Appropriate Intervention Strategies; Ethical considerations - Session 8
  o Multicultural Family Counseling and Therapy - Session 9
  o Non-Western and Indigenous Methods of Healing - Session 10
  o Racial/Cultural Identity Development: Therapeutic Implications - Session 11
  o White Racial Identity Development: Therapeutic Implications -    Session 12
  o Minority Group Therapists: Working with Majority and other Minority Clients - Session 14
Counseling 240 - Seminar in Counseling of Exceptional Children & Their Parents
  o Outcomes - 6,7
  o Family Support Services in Schools - Session 3
  o Cultural and Language Differences/Cultural Aspects of Dis - Session 7
  o Academic Intervention Programs/Psychosocial Aspects of Dev. Support Serve to Assist Parents & Families transition Planning & Programming - Session 12

4. Pupil Personnel Services Delivery

Candidates are required, as a part of their coursework, to work in the schools during their two years of coursework completing a minimum of 500 hours, prior to internship. Through this experience of working with knowledgeable teachers and school psychologists students develop an understanding of how social and cultural influences in the school environment affect the delivery of school psychological services which promote academic and vocational success. Courses requiring the practicum experience include:

Psychology 277 - Role and Function of the School Psychologist
  o Home School Collaboration - Session 25
  o Cultural and Individual Differences - Session 26
  o Multicultural School Psychology - Session 27
Psychology 278 - Intervention and Prevention
  o Learning Objectives - 2,3
  o FBA and Consultation and Intervention Project - Pg, 4
Psychology 279 - Consultation and Supervision
  o Examinations and Major Assignments - Part 2,3, Pg, 5,7
Psychology 282 - Cognitive and Behavior Therapy
  o Assignments - Pg,3
  o Working with Families and Students of Diverse Backgrounds - Session 4
*Psychology 287 Practicum in School Psychology, Year 1 Fall / Spring and 2 - Fall / Spring. Entire course.

5. Communication Styles

Candidates gain an awareness of communication styles exhibited by children and their families that may be most appropriate for individuals from a culture different than their own through coursework in:

*Psychology 270T-2- Working with Diverse Students and Families
  o Resources for Home School collaboration - Section 1 - Session 3
  o Supporting Families for Student Success - Section 1 - Session 4
  o Communication: Prejudice in language - Section 2 - Session 4
  o To Assess or Not: Language Acquisition, Stereotypes, Teacher Expectations, and Referrals - Section 4 - Session 2
  o Interpreters and Interviews: Section 4 - Session 3
  o Assessment and Eligibility of Linguistically Diverse Students -      Section 4 - session 4
Psychology 277 - Role and Function of the School Psychologist
  o Home School Collaboration - Session 25
  o Cultural and Individual Differences - Session 26
  o Multicultural School Psychology - Session 27
Psychology 278 - Intervention and Prevention
  o Learning Objectives - 2,3
  o Home School Collaboration/Homework Interventions - Session 9
  o Interventions for Students with Autism-Classroom interventions/Social
Skills/Communication Training/ Pivotal Response Training - Session 17
Psychology 279 - Consultation and Supervision
  o Multicultural consultation 15
  o Class Discussion of the observations Multicultural consultation - Session 16
Psychology 282 - Cognitive and Behavior Therapy
  o Practicum Experience 3, Pg, 3
  o Working with Families and Students of Diverse Backgrounds -    Session 4
Psychology 287 – Practicum in School Psychology
a) Outcomes and Goals 1-7 1st Year/Fall Semester
  o Diversity: Services at your site for culturally and linguistically diverse students
  o Case Presentations - Session 12
  o Outcomes and Goals 1-10 1st Year/Spring Semester
  o Site Discussion, Case Presentation - Session 13
  o Outcomes and Goals 1-8 2nd Year/Fall Semester
  o Outcomes and Goals 1-10 2nd Year/Spring Semester
Psychology 286 - Instructional Consultation and intervention
  o Goal 1
  o Multicultural Issues in Instructional Consultation for ELL Students - Sessions 1
  o Reading Interventions with ESL Students - Sessions 26, 27
Psychology 284 – Assessment of Intellectual Abilities
  o Learning Objective 4
  o Issues in Assessment- Session 5
  o Ethnic Minority Students/ELL - Session 18
Psychology 285 – Assessment of Learning & Developmental Problems
  o Assessment in context: assessment in an ecological model - Session 2
  o Nondiscriminatory assessment and assessment of students with limited English proficiency - Session 22
Psychology 267 -  Internship in School Psychology
o Goal 2 - Fall/Spring Semesters
Counseling 201 - Seminar in Multicultural Aspects of Counseling
  o Culturally Appropriate Intervention Strategies; Ethical considerations - Session 8
  o Multicultural Family Counseling and Therapy- Session 9
  o Minority Group Therapists: Working with Majority and other Minority Clients - Session 14
  o Counseling and Therapy with Racial/Ethnic Minority Group Populations - Session 15,16

6. Counseling Techniques

Each candidate is required to complete Psychology 174, Introduction to Counseling as a prerequisite to the program  and Counseling 201, Seminar in Multicultural Aspects of Counseling through the Department of Counseling and Special Education as a part of the Program. Through this coursework students are exposed to cognitive and experiential study of social and psychological variables which influence the cross -cultural counseling relationship. Culturally relevant models of counseling theory and practice are explored. Current research methods and findings are presented.

7. Cross - cultural Interactions

Through coursework students gain knowledge about the principles of cross - cultural interactions and their effect on teacher-pupil and pupil-pupil relationships. Courses include:

*Psychology 270T-2 - Working with Diverse Students and Families
  o Creating educational environments that promote acceptance -    Section 1 - Session 2
  o Beyond race and culture: gender, sexual orientation, religion, politics - Section 2 - Session 2
  o To Assess or Not: Language Acquisition, Stereotypes, Teacher Expectations, and Referrals - Section 4 - Session 2
  o Assessment and Eligibility of Linguistically Diverse Students -      Section 4- Session 4
  o Language and Instruction- Section 6 - Session 3
Psychology 277 - Role and Function of the School Psychologist
  o Home School Collaboration- Session 25
  o Cultural and Individual Differences - Session 26
  o Multicultural School Psychology - Session 27
Psychology 278 - Intervention and Prevention
  o Learning Objective - 2,3
  o Preschool Interventions - Social Skills/Communication - Session 16
  o Interventions for Students with Autism-Classroom interventions/Social
Skills/Communication Training/ Pivotal Response Training - Session 17
Psychology 279 - Consultation and Supervision
  o Consultation in School Setting/Communication Skills/Problem Solving Model - Session 3
  o Multicultural Consultation - Session 15
  o Class Discussion of the Observations/Multicultural Consultation Continued/ Case Study – Session 16
Psychology 282 - Cognitive and Behavior Therapy
  o Working with Families and Students of Diverse Backgrounds - Session 4
Psychology 287 - Practicum in School Psychology
  o Outcomes and Goals 1-7 - 1st Year/Fall Semester
  o Outcomes and Goals 1-10 - 1st Year/Spring Semester
  o Outcomes and Goals 1-8 - 2nd Year/Fall Semester
  o Outcome and Goals 1-10 - 2nd Year/Spring Semester
Psychology 286 - Instructional Consultation and Intervention
  o Goal 1,2
  o Multicultural Issues in Instructional Consultation for ELL Students - Sessions 1
  o Reading Interventions with ESL Students - Sessions 26, 27
Psychology 284 - Assessment of Intellectual Abilities
  o Adaptive Behavior - Session 23
  o Adaptive functioning and Behavior Problems in relation to level of education in children and adolescents with intellectual disability -    Session 24
Psychology 285 - Assessment of Learning & Behavior Problems
  o Assessment in context: assessment in an ecological model - Session 2
Counseling 201 - Seminar in Multicultural Aspects of Counseling
  o The multicultural journey to cultural competence: Personal Narratives - Session 1
  o The Superordinate Nature of Multicultural Counseling and Psychotherapy - Session 2
  o The politics of Counseling and Psychotherapy Ethical guidelines in multicultural Counseling - Session 4
  o Sociopolitical Considerations of Trust and Mistrust - Session 5
  o Racial, Gender, and Sexual Orientation Micro-aggressions: Implications for Counseling and Psychotherapy - Session 6
  o Barriers to Effective Multicultural Counseling/ Therapy- Session 7
  o Culturally Appropriate Intervention Strategies; Ethical considerations - Session 8
  o Multicultural Family Counseling and Therapy- Session 9
  o Non-Western and Indigenous Methods of Healing - Session 10
  o Racial/Cultural Identity Development: Therapeutic Implications -   Session 11
  o White Racial Identity Development: Therapeutic Implications -      Session 12
  o Minority Group Therapists: Working with Majority and other Minority Clients - Session 14
  o Immersion/Emersion Paper - Pg, 3
Counseling 240 - Seminar in Counseling of Exceptional Children & Their Parents
  o Family Partnership, and Interview Report - Pg, 2
  o Family Support Services in Schools - Session 3
  o Supports for Siblings Providing Coping & Stress Supports for Families - Session 4
  o Relationship-Focused Intervention; Attachment Issues - Session 5
  o Characteristics of Specific Disabilities and their Impact on Families; Misunderstood Minds - Session 6
  o Cultural and Language Differences/Cultural Aspects of Dis - Session 7
  o Collaboration and Partnership (School support services) - Session 8
  o Fostering Effective Parent & Family Educational Advocacy - Session 9
  o Academic Intervention Programs/Psychosocial Aspects of Development; Support Service to Assist Parents & Families transition Planning & Programming - Session 12
  o Family Stories Illustrating School-Based Support Learning Disabilities Simulation video - Session 13
  o Oral Report on Family Partnership Project Integration of learning experiences - Session 14,15

8. Culturally-Appropriate Techniques

Students learn culturally-appropriate techniques to enlist the aid of parents and families to support educationally efforts. Candidates also gain experiences by complete practicum and internship experiences. Coursework included:

Psychology 277 - Role and Function of the School Psychologist
  o Home School Collaboration - Session 25
  o Cultural and Individual Differences - Session 26
  o Multicultural School Psychology - Session 27
Psychology 278 - Intervention and Prevention
  o Learning Objectives - 1,2,3
  o Home School Collaboration/Home Interventions - Session 9
*Psychology 279 - Consultation and Supervision
  o Multicultural Consultation - Session 15
  o Class Discussion of the Observations/Multicultural Consultation Continued/ Case Study – Session 16
Psychology 282 - Cognitive and Behavior Therapy
  o Working with Families and Students of Diverse Backgrounds -    Session 4
  o Assignment 3 - Pg, 3
Psychology 286 - Instructional Consultation and Intervention
  o Goal 1
  o Multicultural Issues in Instructional Consultation for ELL Students - Sessions 1
  o Reading Interventions with ESL Students - Sessions 26, 27
Psychology 270T-2 - Working with Diverse Students and Families
  o Resources for Home School collaboration- Section 1 - Session 3
  o Supporting Families for Student Success - Section 1 - Session 4

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