Standard 2

Growth and Development

The program provides candidates with opportunities and experiences to acquire an understanding of typical and atypical growth and development including relevant theories, research, and other information related to pupil’s strength and weakness that affect learning in school, community and family environment. The program provide candidates with an understanding of the effects of a) health and development factors, b) language, c) cultural variables d) diversities, e) socioeconomic status, and f) factors of resiliency on pupil development.

Introduction

The primary courses that address the factors to consider in Standard 2 are Coun 206, Coun203 and CI 285Coun 206, Counseling Through the Lifespan focuses on the developmental factors, Coun 203, Assessment in Counseling focuses on the identification of learning and developmental conditions, CI 285, Seminar in Advanced Educational Psychology focuses on learning.  Other courses also incorporate concepts of growth and development relating to their specific subject matter.

Factors to Consider

1. Research and Theories of Typical and Atypical Growth and Development  

Research and theories of typical and atypical growth and development are covered at length in the following courses.  Candidates are engaged in reading, class discussions, lectures, and required activities to meet the objectives of these courses as stated below.

Coun 200: Areas of specific mention in this course include: studies that provide an understanding of the nature and needs of individuals at all developmental levels; theories of learning and personality development.

Coun 203: Objective 3: Students will be able to describe methods and theories related to emotional, intellectual, and physical characteristics of typical and atypical pupils including limited English proficient students.

Coun 206: Objective 5:  Students will become better acquainted with research literature regarding development and be able to relate to discussions regarding the etiology of normal and dysfunctional behavior.

CI 285:

Objective 2: Students have the opportunities to identify psychological principles that operate in human learning.

Objective 3: Students have the opportunities to become more conversant with a variety of psychological theories implicated in development, learning and design/implementation of instruction or intervention.

Assignments for the above courses Coun 200 TechniquesA; Coun 203 AsssessmentA; Coun 206 LifespanR; CI 285 CurriculumA

2. Environmental Factors and Their Influence on Pupil Learning

Candidates have opportunities to gain knowledge of the role of different environmental factors in the course of pupil’s learning.  These factors may come from the family, the school, the community as well as interactions among these factors.

Coun 150: Objective 5: The students will describe the legal aspects of the home-school relationship, including the responsibilities and obligations of children, of parents and of school personnel in matters of attendance, curriculum, discipline and supervision.

Coun 206: Objective 6: The students will identify the effects of family dynamics, family life cycle events, and socioeconomic factors on development, well-being, and learning at different stages.

Coun 240: Objectives :

Students will:

1. provide documentation of competence in collaborative activities, including knowledge of available resources, networking, and negotiation skills, with families, educational and other professionals and paraprofessionals.

2. collect data from families to guide collaboration that will support the academic and social/emotional progress of students.

3. demonstrate awareness of the various transitional challenges to students with special needs and their families, and knowledge as to how to work sensitively and effectively with them during these periods.

4. clearly communicate assessment information and its implications for general education classroom teachers, parents, and other professionals.

5. develop and demonstrate strategies for forming family partnerships and possess effective communication skills for working with families, including conflict management.

Assignments for the above courses are as follows: Coun 150; LawsA; Coun 206 LifespanR; Coun 240 ExceptionalA

3. Protective Assets and Risk Factors relating to Pupil Development 

This program focuses on both protective assets and risk factors relating to pupil development.  Courses that address pupil learning and development give candidates opportunities to identify impeding and enhancing factors for prevention and intervention.

Coun 206:

Objective 5:  Students will become better acquainted with research literature regarding development and be able to relate to discussions regarding the etiology of normal and dysfunctional behavior.

Coun 201:

Objective 2:Gather information and gaining social/historical understanding regarding a selected non-mainstream, socio-cultural population in the United States.  The advanced student will gain knowledge of the varied social and psychological experiences of selected U.S. American minority, immigrant and recent refugee groups.

Objective 3:Apply counseling/psychological theory and data to cross-cultural communication.  The graduate student will identify significant communication and relationship patterns that may impede or enhance the cross-cultural counseling interaction process. 

CI 285:

Objective 2: Students have opportunities to identify psychological principles that operate in human learning.

Objective 3: Students have opportunities to become more conversant with a variety of psychological theories implicated in development, learning and design/implementation of instruction or intervention.

Assignments for the above courses are as follows: Coun 206 LifespanR; Coun 201 CulturalA; CI 285 CurriculumA

4.  Principles and Methods to (A) Help Pupils Overcome Barriers to Learning and (B) Learn Effective Strategies to Plan, Organize, Monitor and Take Responsibility for Their Own Learning

Candidates have opportunities to formulate accurate treatment plans that address a wide range of barriers to learning in Coun 233.  They also learn effective strategies to help pupils plan, organize, monitor and take responsibility for their own learning in Coun 220, CI 285.  Candidates further apply their knowledge and skills in both educational and remedial strategies for pupils when they take Coun 249. 

Coun 233:

Objective 1: Students will demonstrate acquired therapeutic skills necessary for working with children and families through formulation of accurate treatment plans that address clinical issues such as:

  • ADD/ADHD
  • Depression
  • conduct issues
  • gang involvement
  • child abuse
  • divorce
  • family issues, and parent-child relationship

Coun 220: Objective 5: Students will describe effective techniques for providing educational counseling to students and families about academic and career decisions, including the development of career development curriculum and academic planning.

CI 285: Objective 3: Students have the opportunities to become more conversant with a variety of psychological theories implicated in development, learning and design/implementation of instruction or intervention.

Class discussion topics include: Motivation and self-regulation in learning.

Coun 249: Objective 3: Students will apply knowledge of learning theory in an approved school setting.

Assignments for the above courses are as follows: Coun 233 TheraplayA; Coun 220 CareerA; CI 285 CurriculumA; Coun 249 FieldworkA

5. Models to Inform School Staff and Parents about Developmental Trajectories  

Candidates have opportunities to develop their communication skills through taking a series of courses on counseling techniques, namely, Coun 200, and Coun 208.  These communication skills enable candidates to develop therapeutic alliances or rapport with school staff and parents.  Rapport is crucial to subsequent communications such as informing others about pupils’ developmental trajectories.  Besides being trained in counseling and communication skills, candidates are also exposed to specific techniques in explaining test results to staff and parents in Coun 203 and consultation models with staff and parents in Coun 242.

Coun 203: Objective 7: Students are able tointerpret test results to individual clients, parents, teachers, administrators, and other interested parties.

Coun 242:

Objective 2: Develop and apply methods of consultation services to include conflict resolution, team consultation procedures, classroom management skills for teachers, school discipline models and strategies for teachers.

Objective 3:  Provide methods of consulting with schools and develop appropriate consultation models with teachers, administrators, and parents through the utilization of counseling methods.

Objective 5:  Design and apply appropriate parent education program for specific population groups.

Assignments for the above courses are as follows: Coun 203 AssessmentA; Coun 242 AdvocacyA

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