Standard 7 – Teaching Methods in Agricultural Systems Technology
The program prepares candidates for the additional challenges presented in teaching in a shop or outdoor environment with potentially hazardous materials and equipment. The program requires basic preparation that develops knowledge, skill and the ability to establish, maintain and teach in safe and effective shop and field environments where students will utilize tools, machinery and equipment, and to manage student learning activities and behavior to maintain safe conditions for learning.
Required Elements for Standard 7 – Teaching Methods in Agricultural Systems
7(a) The program includes pedagogical preparation specific to teaching Agricultural Systems Technology (Agricultural Mechanics) including cognitive and psycho-motor domainsapplications.
7(b) The program prepares candidates to develop lesson plans and teaching materials appropriate to Agricultural Systems Technology (e.g. projects, drawings)
7(c) The program trains candidates in the application of current safety practices required of classroom teachers and practices common to industry relating to hand tools, power tools, and agricultural machinery (e.g. tractors, harvesters).
7(d) The program ensures that candidates are knowledgeable in the proper selection, nomenclature, and proper use of tools commonly used in agricultural systems technology.
7(e) The program provides candidates with strategies in managing student behavior in shop and field settings to ensure a safe learning environment.
7(f) The program prepares candidates in facilities planning, management, and maintenance (e.g. budgeting, tool and material selection and purchasing, tool management, safety inspection).
Teaching Methods in Agricultural Systems Technology
In AGED 50, candidates observe in a nearby agricultural education department and they are required to observe all aspects of the program including agricultural systems technology. They often assist small groups of students as they work in the laboratory under the master teacher’s direction.
In AGED 135, candidates are instructed in all aspects of the agricultural education program including agricultural systems technology and other environments outside the regular classroom.
The upper division methods course taken by all agriculture specialization candidates is AGED 189, Education in Agricultural Mechanics, which covers strategies for organizing, teaching, and administering educational programs in agricultural mechanics. Course format is three hours lecture. During the first half of this course, candidates are presented information on cognitive and psychomotor teaching strategies, preparing lesson plans, designing projects, current safety practices, and proper tool selection and use. They also are provided strategies for managing student behavior in shop and field settings. During the second half of this class each candidate is required to prepare and present a mini-lesson on a selected agricultural mechanics topic. In addition, each candidate is also required to develop and present a shop laboratory demonstration. All of the candidate presentations take place in the University Agricultural Mechanics Shop or on the University Agricultural Laboratory. Candidates and the instructor critique each presentation including identifying the strengths and weaknesses of each presentation. Following approved safety procedures including proper clothing, footwear, eye protection, etc. are part of the assessment that the instructor utilizes for evaluating student presentations. If a candidate fails to follow proper safety procedures they are required to repeat the presentation. The course has a heavy focus on safety and on laboratory management techniques. The lessons are taught to the candidates peers and their peers assume roles as high school students and exhibit typical high school behaviors that challenge the instructor. This provides candidates with experiences in handling discipline problems and maintaining a safe and orderly environment for the educational process. In this course candidates learn about teacher responsibility and liability. The course provides directions for developing an agricultural mechanics instructional program for the high school agriculture department. The course provides candidates with the skills and knowledge for providing safety instruction at the high school level. Specifically, candidates learn how to teach safety, supervise students in shop settings, design and administer safety exercises, design projects including drawings and bill of materials, utilize various forms of assessment, and maintain a safe shop environment.
Facilities planning and maintenance are also covered. Students are given an assignment to design an agricultural mechanics facility including the safe layout of equipment, proper ventilation/exhaust systems, electrical, plumbing, tool management, cleanup/sanitation system, fire protection, lighting, hearing protection, color coding, and other safety issues. Budgeting and purchasing tools and equipment are discussed in this course and also in AGED 187, Organization, Administration, and Supervision of Agricultural Education.
All candidates are required to complete nine semester units in the mechanized agriculture in order to complete the undergraduate program. These courses cover the safe use, care, and maintenance of common tools and equipment utilized in the agricultural industry. Each course includes a laboratory component for “hands-on” practice of basic agricultural mechanics skills and procedures.
Introduction to Agricultural Mechanics, ME AG 1, covers selection, care, and use of common farm tools, projects of wood and metal; mechanical skills in the field of agriculture. The format for this course consists of two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory. ME AG 50, Metallurgical Processes, covers fundamentals of metallurgy; properties and characteristics of metals; survey of metal welding processes, equipment, and procedures; theory-discussion and laboratory experience in oxygen-fuel welding, cutting, brazing, and shielded metallic arc welding. This course also consists of two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory. In ME AG 114, Small Gasoline and Diesel Engines, candidates learn the theory, operation, maintenance, and repair of small gasoline and diesel internal combustion engines. The format for this course is two hours lecture and three hours laboratory.
During CI 161, candidates with an agricultural mechanics specialization, generally teach one or more micro-lessons in the agricultural mechanics area. This provides the agricultural mechanics candidates with actual experience teaching in their specialization area and it also provides other candidates opportunities to observe and discuss various aspects of teaching in the agricultural mechanics area.