Tariff on the Brain

DESCRIPTION: "Come all you honest people, Whoever you may be, And help the honest workingmen Resist monopoly." The "brokers" have "Tariff on the brain (x2), Look out for politicians Who have tariff on the brain." They have Grover to support their gold standard
AUTHOR: unknown
EARLIEST DATE: 1938 (Nevada Folklore pamphlet; probably written in the 1890s)
KEYWORDS: money political nonballad derivative gold
HISTORICAL REFERENCES:
1885-1889 and 1893-1897 - Presidencies of Grover Cleveland
FOUND IN:
REFERENCES (2 citations):
Welsch, pp. 73-74, "Tarriff on the Brain" (1 text, tune referenced)
ADDITIONAL: Nebraska Folklore, Pamphlet EIghteen, "Farmers' Alliance Songs of the 1890's," Federal Writers' Project, 1938, p. 13, "Tarriff on the Brain" (1 text)

CROSS-REFERENCES:
cf. "Brennan on the Moor" [Laws L7] (tune)
NOTES: This song is somewhat confused, because while Grover Cleveland stood for hard money (i.e. no silver purchase at 16:1, a major cause of the Panic of 1893), he was a Democrat, and the Democrats were generally the low-tariff party:
"A [low] tariff came in in 1857. This remained until 1861, when the Morrill Tariff went into effect, in accordance with the policy of the Republicans, now in power, who favored high protective duties. The Civil War caused a large increase of the rates to meet government expenses and stimulate manufactures. This continued long after the war. In 1882 a Tariff Commission was appointed to consider readjusting the rates, and the Republicans made some slight reductions. Since then they have returned to advocacy of high protection, while the Democrats, since President Cleveland's message of 1887, have favored reduction of the rates. The McKinley Act of 1890 maintained the protective system. A Democractic bill for moderate reduction was introduced into the House in December, 1893." -- J. Franklin Jameson's Dictionary of United States History 1492-1895, Puritan Press, 1894, pp. 642-643.
Farmers, including the members of the Farmers Alliance who sang this song, wanted a lower tariff because they were exporting raw materials and importing expensive finished goods; manufacturers wanted high tariffs because they had to compete with more efficient European factories. Hence the tariff struggles. The farmers also wanted high inflation, to moderate their mortgages. So they opposed the "gold bugs" of this song, and disliked Cleveland, who favored hard money even though he had an acceptable view of the tariff. - RBW
Last updated in version 3.6
File: Wels073

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