Miller's Will, The (The Miller's Three Sons) [Laws Q21]

DESCRIPTION: The dying miller, to decide which of his three sons will inherit, asks each boy how much he would charge. The first son would take an honest toll; the second, half; the last, all and swear to the sack. The miller joyfully gives the mill to the last son
AUTHOR: unknown
EARLIEST DATE: before 1764 (broadside, Bodleian Harding B 5(7))
KEYWORDS: death father children robbery crime bequest lastwill
FOUND IN: US(Ap,MW,NE,Ro,SE,So) Canada(Mar) Britain(England(All),Scotland(Aber))
REFERENCES (39 citations):
Laws Q21, "The Miller's Will (The Miller's Three Sons)"
Flanders-NewGreen, pp. 11-13, "The Miller's Three Sons" (1 text, 1 tune)
Belden, pp. 244-246, "The Miller and his Three Sons" (3 texts)
Randolph 359, "There Was an Old Miller" (4 texts plus an excerpt, 3 tunes)
Randolph/Cohen, pp. 126-129, "There Was an Old Miller" (1 text, 1 tune -- Randolph's 91D)
Eddy 61, "The Dishonest Miller" (2 texts, 2 tunes)
Grimes, p. 137, "The Miller's Will" (1 text)
Gardner/Chickering 98, "The Dying Miller" (1 text, 1 tune)
BrownII 177, "The Miller and His Three Sons" (2 text plus 5 excerpts and mention of 3 more)
BrownSchinhanIV 177, "The Miller and His Three Sons" (4 excerpts, 4 tunes)
Chappell-FSRA 106, "The Miller" (1 fragment)
JonesLunsford, pp. 207-208, "The Dishonest Miller" (1 text, 1 tune)
Morris, #205, "The Miller's Will" (1 text plus a fragment, 1 tune)
Moore-Southwest 107, "The Miller That Made His Will" (1 text, 1 tune)
Scarborough-SongCatcher, pp. 240-242, "The Miller's Advice to His Three Sons, on Taking of Toll" (2 texts, both called "The Old Miller"; 2 tunes on p. 419)
JHCoxIIB, #18A-B, pp. 163-165, "The Miller and His Sons," "The Miller" (1 text plus a fragment, 1 tune)
Hubbard, #188, "The Dying Miller" (2 texts, 1 tune)
Creighton/Senior, pp.234-236 , "The Miller of Derbyshire" (1 text, 1 tune)
Creighton-NovaScotia 94, "The Miller" (1 text, 1 tune)
SharpAp 161, "The Miller's Will" (2 texts, 2 tunes)
Sharp/Karpeles-80E 56, "The Miller's Will" (1 text, 1 tune)
Williams-Thames, pp. 192-193, "The Miller and His Three Sons" (1 text) (also Wiltshire-WSRO Wt 381)
Kennedy 232, "The Miller's Last Will" (1 text, 1 tune)
Palmer-ECS, #32, "The Miller and His Three Sons" (1 text, 1 tune)
Greig 41, p. 1, "The Miller's Three Sons" (1 text)
RoudBishop #100, "The Miller's Three Sons" (1 text, 1 tune)
GreigDuncan3 703, "The Miller's Will" (3 texts, 1 tune)
Stokoe/Reay, pp. 58-59, "The Miller and His Sons" (1 text, 1 tune)
Dixon-Peasantry, Song #21, pp. 204-206, "The Miller and his Sons" (1 text)
Bell-Combined, pp. 414-415, "The Miller and His Sons" (1 text)
Cohen/Seeger/Wood, pp. 80-81, "The Miller's Will" (1 text, 1 tune)
Chase, pp. 144-145, "The Miller's Will" (1 text, 1 tune)
Newell, #41, "The Miller of Gosport" (1 text)
Botkin-NEFolklr, pp. 546-547, "The Miller's Three Sons" (1 text, 1 tune)
JHCox 155, "The Dishonest Miller" (3 texts plus mention of six more, 1 tune)
Darling-NAS, pp. 149-151, "The Miller's Will" (1 text)
Silber-FSWB, p. 120, "The Miller" (1 text)
BBI, ZN2524, "There was a miller who had three sons"
DT 348, MILLWILL MILLWIL2 MILLWIL3*

Roud #138
RECORDINGS:
Horton Barker, "The Miller's Will" (on Barker01)
Jumbo Brightwell, "The Derby Miller" (on Voice14)
Carson Brothers & Sprinkle, "The Old Miller's Will" (OKeh 45398, 1929; on TimesAint01)
Margaret MacArthur, "New Hampshire Miller" (on MMacArthur01)
New Lost City Ramblers, "The Miller's Will" (on NLCR04)

BROADSIDES:
Bodleian, Harding B 5(7), "The Miller's Advice to His Three Sons, in Taking of Toll," W. and C. Dicey (London) , 1736-1763; also Douce Ballads 4(44), "The Miller's Advice to His Three Sons, in Taking of Toll"
ALTERNATE TITLES:
The Old Miller Rake
NOTES: Williams-Thames is very close to Dixon-Peasantry, even when the words seem to me to be clumsy, as in "He called for his middlemost son." - BS
Last updated in version 4.1
File: LQ21

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