Marseillaise, La

DESCRIPTION: French language: "Allons, enfants de la Patrie! Le jour gloire est arrive!" The listeners are urged to fight for France and freedom, and drive foreigners off French soil
AUTHOR: Rouget de Lisle
EARLIEST DATE: 1792 (sheet music)
KEYWORDS: patriotic France nonballad
FOUND IN: France
REFERENCES (5 citations):
WolfAmericanSongSheets, #1384-#1386, p. 94, "La Marseillaise" (2 references, plus six various English translations under #1385 and #1386)
Fireside, p. 223, "La Marseillaise" (1 text, 1 tune)
Silber-FSWB, p. 302, "La Marseillaise" (1 French text plus English version)
Fuld-WFM, p. 354, "La Marseillaise"
DT, LAMARSEI

Roud #11238
SAME TUNE:
I'm a Soldier Bound for Glory (File: ElTo025)
The Texan Marseillaise (by James Haines; [H. M. Wharton], War Songs and Poems of the Southern Confederacy, pp. 191-192)
The Swineish Multitude (1798 rebel song; cf. Thomas Pakenham, The Year of Liberty, p. 173)
Stand By That Flag ("Ye sons of freedom, wake to glory") (WolfAmericanSongSheets p. 149)
The Union Marseillaise [1] ("Arouse, ye men who love your Nation") (WolfAmericanSongSheets p. 163)
The Union Marseillaise [2] ("Arise! Arise! ye sons of patriot sires") (WolfAmericanSongSheets p. 163)
NOTES: Summarizing the notes in Fuld:
There are all sorts of ironies associated with this song. To begin with, it wasn't associated with Marseilles; it was published as "Chant de Guerre pour l'Armee du Rhin" (more or less at the far end of France). Even more ironically, the author (Rouget de Lisle, 1760-1836) is reported to have been a royalist, and even to have been imprisoned for his support for the crown.
The song was written in 1792, when France still had a king though it was doing its best to ignore him. France wound up at war with Austria and Prussia. It appears that the association with Marseilles came about because volunteers from Marseilles heard it sung, and then joined in storming the Tuileries (August 10, 1792). - RBW
Last updated in version 4.0
File: FSWB302

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