Shenandoah

DESCRIPTION: Usually has chorus "Away, you rolling river... Away, we're bound away, across the wide Missouri (world of Misery, etc.)" The basic text seems to have told of the white man who "loved the Indian maiden" but came from a different world and now is returning
AUTHOR: unknown
EARLIEST DATE: 1894 (Alfred M. Williams, _Studies in Folk-Song and Popular Poetry_, p. 7)
KEYWORDS: shanty courting separation Indians(Am.)
FOUND IN: US(MA,MW,NE) Canada(Mar) West Indies(St Vincent)
REFERENCES (27 citations):
Doerflinger, p. 77, "Shenandoah" (1 text, 1 tune)
Walton/Grimm/Murdock, pp. 36-37, "Shenandore" (1 text, 1 tune)
Bone, pp. 104-105, "Shenandoah" (1 text, 1 tune)
Colcord, p. 83, "Shenandoah" (1 text, 1 tune)
Harlow, pp. 112-114, "Shenandoah" (1 text, 1 tune)
Hugill, pp. 173-178, "Shenandoah" (4 texts, 1 tune) [AbEd, pp. 140-143]
Sharp-EFC, XI, p. 13, "Shanadar (First version)" (1 text, 1 tune)
Linscott, pp. 148-149, "Shenandoah or The Wide Missouri" (1 short text, 1 tune)
Shay-SeaSongs, pp. 66-67, "Shenandoah" (1 text, 1 tune)
Smith/Hatt, p. 24, "Shanadore" (1 text)
Mackenzie 105, "Rolling River" (1 text, 1 tune)
Sandburg, p. 408, "The Wide Mizzoura" (1 text, 1 tune)
Terry-Shanty!, "Shenandoah" (1 text, 1 tune)
Abrahams-WIShanties, pp. 73-75, "Oh, My Rolling River" (2 texts, 1 tune)
Lomax-FSUSA 41, "Shenandoah" (1 text, 1 tune)
Lomax-FSNA 25, "Shenandoah" (1 text, 1 tune)
Lomax-ABFS, pp. 543-546, "The Wild Miz-zou-rye" (1 text, 1 tune); p. 546, "Shenandoah" (1 text)
Fife-Cowboy/West 1, "Shenandoah" (1 text, 1 tune)
Darling-NAS, pp. 314-315, "Shenandoah" (1 text)
Arnett, p. 44, "Shenandoah" (1 text, 1 tune)
PSeeger-AFB, p. 17, "Shenandoah" (1 text, 1 tune)
Fireside, p. 136, "Shenandoah" (1 text, 1 tune)
Silber-FSWB, p. 85, "Shenandoah" (1 text)
DT, SHENDOAH*
ADDITIONAL: Captain John Robinson, "Songs of the Chantey Man," a series published July-August 1917 in the periodical _The Bellman_ (Minneapolis, MN, 1906-1919). "Shenandoah!" is in Part 2, 7/21/1917.
Maud Karpeles, _Folk Songs of Europe_, Oak, 1956, 1964, p. 48, "Shanadar" (1 text, 1 tune, from Sharp; I suspect it may be composite; see the notes to "Shanadar (I)")
Frederick Pease Harlow, _The Making of a Sailor, or Sea Life Aboard a Yankee Square-Rigger_, 1928; republished by Dover, 1988, pp. 322-323, "Shenandoah" (1 text, 1 tune)

ST Doe077 (Full)
Roud #324
RECORDINGS:
[Al] Campbell & [Henry] Burr, "Shenandoah" (Columbia A-2300, 1917) (Victor 18327, 1917)
Minster Singers, "Shenandoah" (Victor 61147, n.d., prob. c. 1903)
Paul Robeson, "Shenandoah" (Victor 27430, 1941)
Pete Seeger, "Shenandoah" (on PeteSeeger18)

CROSS-REFERENCES:
cf. "Shanadar" (lyrics)
ALTERNATE TITLES:
World of Misery
Across the Wide Missouri
The Rolling River
NOTES: Bone reports, "I have never heard this song sung at other duty than weighing anchor.... The very beauty of the air has even curbed the license of wild singers in the text. No bawdy lines, no plaint of mistreatment, no blasphemous exhortations were ranted in the singing of it." - RBW
The St Vincent shanty has some of the usual, if transported, lines -- "Salambo, I love your daughter ... Salambo, this white mulatta" and "Seven long years we toiled the ocean ... Seven long years I never wrote her" -- but a good deal about catching whales and the danger and hard times of the blackfish whaler's life. - BS
Last updated in version 4.0
File: Doe077

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