Robin Hood and the Butcher [Child 122]

DESCRIPTION: Robin goes to Nottingham in the guise of a young butcher who sells cheap and spends freely. The sheriff returns with him to the forest for bargain-priced cattle. He is shown deer, then captured and relieved of his gold. He is released for his wife's sake.
AUTHOR: unknown
EARLIEST DATE: 1657 (Stationer's Register)
KEYWORDS: Robinhood trick commerce robbery
FOUND IN: US(Ap)
REFERENCES (7 citations):
Child 122, "Robin Hood and the Butcher" (2 texts)
Bronson 122, comments only
Boswell/Wolfe 11, pp. 23-24, "Robin Hood and the Butcher" (1 text, which which does not seem to have had a tune and which appears to start in the middle and has other defects)
OBB 119, "Robin Hood and the Butcher" (1 text)
BBI, RZN4, "Come all you brave gallants & listen a while"
ADDITIONAL: Stephen Knight, editor (with a manuscript description by Hilton Kelliher), _Robin Hood: The Forresters Manuscript_ (British Library Additional MS 71158), D. S. Brewer, 1998, pp. 45-51, "Robin Hood and the Butcher" (1 text, with substantial differences from both the Percy and garland versions)
R. B. Dobson and J. Taylor, _Rymes of Robyn Hood: An Introduction to the English Outlaw_, University of Pittsburg Press, 1976, pp. 152-157, "Robin Hood and the Butcher" (2 texts, one from the Percy Folio and one from a broadside)

Roud #3980
NOTES: For background on the Robin Hood legend, see the notes on "A Gest of Robyn Hode" [Child 117]. This particular song is very close in plot to "Robin Hood and the Potter" [Child 121], and the Percy folio version of the "Butcher" also shares some lyrics. Most scholars (e.g. Dobson and Taylor, pp. 150-151) think that the "Butcher" is a rewrite of the "Potter." But a number of the Percy folio pieces show some signs of editing; it is perhaps just possible that the "Butcher" is an independent song which at some stage was conflated with the "Potter." - RBW
Last updated in version 2.6
File: C122

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