Lord Lovel [Child 75]

DESCRIPTION: (Lord Lovel) is setting out on a voyage. (Lady Nancy) begs him not to go, but he is determined. Soon after he reaches his destination, he misses Nancy and turns for home. He finds that she has died for love of him. He proceeds to do the same
AUTHOR: unknown
EARLIEST DATE: 1765 (letter from Horace Walpole to Percy); printed 1827 (Kinloch, Ancient Scottish Ballads, according to Child)
KEYWORDS: separation love death travel
FOUND IN: Britain(Scotland(Aber,Bord,Hebr),England(All)) US(Ap,MA,MW,NE,Ro,SE,So) Canada(Mar) Ireland
REFERENCES (72 citations):
Child 75, "Lord Lovel" (11 texts, 1 tune) {Bronson's #1}
Bronson 75, "Lord Lovel" (71 versions+3 in addenda)
BronsonSinging 75, "Lord Lovel" (7 versions: #8, #23, #32.1, #42, #46, #53, #57)
HarrisLyleMcAlpineMcLucas, pp. 144-145, "Lord Revel" (1 text)
GlenbuchatBallads, pp. 127-128, "Lord Lovell" (1 text)
Lyle-Crawfurd1 20, "Lord Level" (1 text)
Williams-Thames, pp. 145-146, "Lord Lovel" (1 text) (also Wiltshire-WSRO Wt 371)
Cologne/Morrison, pp. 51-52, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune)
OShaughnessy-Yellowbelly2 32, "Lord Lovell" (1 text, 1 tune)
RoudBishop #122, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune)
Dixon-Peasantry, Ballad #6, pp. 78-80, "Lord Lovel" (1 text)
Bell-Combined, pp. 134-136, "Lord Lovel" (1 text)
BarryEckstormSmyth pp. 139-148, "Lord Lovel" (3 texts plus 1 fragment, 2 tunes); p. 482 (additional notes) {Bronson's #36, #48}
Belden, pp. 52-54, "Lord Lovel" (1 text plus reference to 5 more; also texts of two Civil War parodies, the first of which, Ga, is "The New Ballad of Lord Lovell")
Randolph 17, "Lord Lovel" (2 texts, 1 tune) {Bronson's #38}
Randolph/Cohen, pp. 34-37, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune -- Randolph's 17A) {Bronson's #38}
Arnold, pp. 124-125, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune0 {Bronson's #17}
Moore-Southwest 20, "Lord Lovel and Lady Nanca Bell" (1 text, 1 tune)
Eddy 13, "Lord Lovel" (5 texts plus an excerpt, 4 tunes; the "E" text has its first line from "The New Ballad of Lord Lovell (Mansfield Lovell)" but is still this song) {Bronson's #30, #46, #59, #68}
Grimes, p. 25, "Lord Lovel" (1 text)
Gardner/Chickering 6, "Lord Lovel" (1 text plus mention of 2 more, 1 tune) {Bronson's #63}
Peters, pp. 202-203, "Lord Lovell" (1 text, 1 tune)
Flanders/Brown, pp. 215-216, "Lord Lovell" (1 text, 1 tune) {Bronson's #22}
Flanders-Ancient2, pp. 148-173, "Lord Lovell" (12 texts plus a fragment, 5 tunes) {L=Bronson's #22}
Linscott, pp. 233-235, "Lord Lovell" (1 text, 1 tune)
Davis-Ballads 20, "Lord Lovel" (12 texts plus 3 fragments, of which "M" may not be this song; 4 tunes; 21 more versions mentioned in Appendix A) {Bronson's #18, #9, #45, #5}
Davis-More 20, pp. 146-151, "Lord Lovel" (3 texts, 3 tunes)
BrownII 21, "Lord Lovel" (2 texts plus 2 excerpts and mention of 3 more)
BrownSchinhanIV 21, "Lord Lovel" (6 excerpts plus a one-line fragment, 7 tunes)
Chappell-FSRA 11, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune) {Bronson's #62}
ReedSmith, #VI, pp. 121-124, "Lord Lovel" (2 texts plus an excerpt and mention of 2 more; 1 tune) {Bronson's #12}
Joyner, pp.41-42, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune)
Morris, #158, "Lord Lovell" (3 texts, 2 tunes) {Bronson's #59, #69}
Hudson 12, pp. 90-91, "Lord Lovel" (1 text)
HudsonTunes 16, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune) {Bronson's #35}
Ritchie-Southern, pp. 16-17, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune)
Boswell/Wolfe 12, pp. 24-25, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune)
Hubbard, #8, "Lord Lovel" (1 text plus a fragment, 1 tune)
Scarborough-SongCatcher, pp. 99-102, "Lord Lovell" (2 texts plus a fragment; 2 tunes on pp. 389-390) {Bronson's #8, #25}
Scarborough-NegroFS, pp. 55-56, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune) {Bronson's #14}
Brewster 12, "Lord Lovel" (7 texts, 2 tunes) {Bronson's #58, #41}
SharpAp 21 "Lord Lovel" (3 texts plus 2 fragments, 5 tunes){Bronson's #33, #34, #6, #47, #7}
Sharp-100E 26, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune) {Bronson's #11}
Carey-MarylandFolkLegends, p. 97, "Lord Lovall" (1 text)
Wells, pp.108-109, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune)
Creighton/Senior, pp. 41-43, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 2 tunes) {Bronson's #40, #39}
Warner-Eastern, 48-49, "Lord Lovell" (1 text)
Leach, pp. 250-252, "Lord Lovel" (2 texts)
Friedman, p. 97, "Lord Lovel" (2 texts, but the "B" text is "Abe Lincoln Stood at the White House Gate")
OBB 155, "Lord Lovell" (1 text)
FSCatskills 33, "In Search of Silver and Gold" (1 text, 1 tune -- a facsimile of an "improved" version by George K. Hamilton which provides a happy ending for the piece)
ThompsonNewYork, pp. 380-381, "Lord Lovell" (1 text)
McNeil-SFB1, pp. 93-95, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune)
ADDITIONAL: Flemming G. Andersen, "Technique, Text, and Context: Formulaic Narrative Mode and the Question of Genre," in Joseph Harris, editor, _The Ballad and Oral Literature_ Harvard University Press, 1991, p. 28, "Lord Lovat" (1 text, from Stanley Robertson)
Niles 30, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune)
Sandburg, p. 70, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune) {Bronson's #12}
Lomax-FSNA 209, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune)
LPound-ABS, 2, pp. 4-6, "Lord Lovel"; pp. 6-7, "Lord Lover" (2 texts)
JHCox 12, "Lord Lovel" (3 text plus mention of two more)
JHCoxIIA, #8A-C, pp. 32-37, "Lord Lovell," "Lord Lovell" (3 texts, 1 tune, but the "C" text is "The New Ballad of Lord Lovell (Mansfield Lovell)") {Bronson's #61}
Gainer, pp. 45-46, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune)
Greig #159, p. 1, "Lord Lovel" (1 text)
GreigDuncan6 1232, "Lord Lovel" (8 texts, 7 tunes) {A=Bronson's #3? (Bronson prints no text), B=#4, E=#31}
MacSeegTrav 9, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune)
Munnelly/Deasy-Lenihan 38, "Lord Levett" (1 text, 1 tune)
Whitelaw-Ballads, p. 183, "Lord Lovel" (1 text)
WolfAmericanSongSheets, #1307, p. 89, "Lord Lovel" (1 reference)
Morgan-Medieval, pp. 74-75, "Lord Lovel" (1 text)
Darling-NAS, pp. 44-46, "Lord Lovell" (1 text, plus texts of "Abe Lincoln Stood at the White House Gate" and "The New Ballad of Lord Lovell")
Fireside, p. 96, "Lord Lovel" (1 text, 1 tune)
Silber-FSWB, p. 178, "Lord Lovel" (1 text)

Roud #48
Winifred Bundy, "Lord Lovel" (AFS, 1941; on LC55)
Nora Cleary, "Lord Levett" (on IRClare01)
Ethel Findlater, "Lord Lovel[l]" (on FSB4, FSBBAL1)
Tom Lenihan, "Lord Levett" (on IRTLenihan01)
Lucindia Perkins, "Lord Lovell" (on JThomas01)
Frank Proffitt, "Lord Lovel" (on FProffitt01)
Jean Ritchie, "Lord Lovel" (on JRitchie01)

Bodleian, Harding B 11(2205), "Lord Lovel" ("Lord Lovel he stood at his castle gate"), J. Pitts (London), 1833-1851; also 2806 c.13(214), Firth c.21(17), Johnson Ballads 550 [some words illegible], Harding B 11(2204), Harding B 11(955), Harding B 26(380), "Lord Lovel"; Harding B 26(380), "Lord Lovel and Nancy Bell"
LOCSinging, as108050, "Lord Lovel" ("Lord Lovel stood at his castle gate"), J. Andrews (New York), 1853-1859

cf. "Lily Lee" (plot)
cf. "Bright Phoebe" (plot)
cf. "Mother, Mother, Make My Bed" (floating verses)
cf. "Abe Lincoln Stood at the White House Gate" (lyrics, form)
cf. "The New Ballad of Lord Lovell (Mansfield Lovell)" (lyrics, form)
Sam Cowell (BarryEckstormSmyth p. 147; cf. the notes to "Billy Barlow (II)")
King Matty and Blair ("King Matty he sat in his big 'white house'") (Lawrence, p. 278)
Old Sukey ("Old Sukey she stood at the college gate, a-scratching her milk-white ear") (Henry Randall Waite, _Carmina Collegensia: A Complete Collection of the Songs of the American Colleges_ first edition 1868, expanded edition, Oliver Ditson, 1876, p. 94)
Lord Lovinder
NOTES: Although Child treated this as an entirely serious ballad, Bronson calls it "too too insipid," and believes it survives only because of its tune.
Comic versions are common. Sandy Paton states that Child refused to print a comic text that came to his attention. Cazden et al state that "At least nine of the versions compiled by Bronson may be identified as comic [and we note that many others might be but are fragmentary]"; they find a comic version in America as early as 1836. Numerous other parodies, comic versions, and rewrites are also listed -- Flemming G. Andersen suggests that this is because of the very sentimental ending, which invites exaggeration.
Stanley Robertson (Jeannie Robertson's nephew) explained the plot on the ground that Lord Lovat was going on crusade, which explains why Lady Nancy was willing for him to leave; she approved of his course.
Broadside LOCSinging as108050: J. Andrews dating per Studying Nineteenth-Century Popular Song by Paul Charosh in American Music, Winter 1997, Vol 15.4, Table 1, available at FindArticles site. - BS
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