Earl Brand [Child 7]

DESCRIPTION: (Earl Brand) falls in love with a high lady against her father's will. They flee together, but are overtaken. Earl Brand slays almost all the pursuers, but is himself sorely wounded. They flee on, but at last Earl Brand must stop and dies.
AUTHOR: unknown
EARLIEST DATE: 1803 (Scott)
KEYWORDS: courting death fight
FOUND IN: Britain(England(North),Scotland) US(Ap,MA,MW,NE,SE,So) Canada(Mar,Newf)
REFERENCES (52 citations):
Child 7, "Earl Brand" (9 texts)
Bronson 7, "Earl Brand" (42 versions plus 2 in addenda)
BronsonSinging 7, "Earl Brand" (6 tunes: #1b, #3, #11, #23, #25, #37)
Percy/Wheatley I, pp. 131-139, "The Child of Elle" (2 texts, one being that of the Percy Folio and the other the result of Percy's reconstruction of the text)
ChambersBallads, pp. 98-100, "The Douglas Tragedy" (1 text)
Bell-Combined, pp. 119-123, "The Douglas Tragedy"; pp. 342-344, "The Brave Earl Brand and the King of England's Daughter" (2 texts)
Greig #57, p. 1, "The Douglas Tragedy" (1 text)
GreigDuncan2 220, "Lord Douglas" (13 texts, 8 tunes) {A=Bronson's #7, E=#8, F=#9, H-#25}
Lyle-Crawfurd2 87, "Lord Thomas and Ladie Margaret" (1 text)
Stokoe/Reay, pp. 6-7, "The Brave Earl Brand" (1 text, 1 tune) {cf. Bronson's #1b}
BarryEckstormSmyth pp. 35-40, "The Seven Brothers" (2 texts, 2 tunes) {Bronson's #6, #28}
Randolph 3, "Rise Ye Up" (1 text, 1 tune) {Bronson's #27}
Flanders/Olney, pp. 228-230, "Lord William and Lady Margaret" (1 text, 1 tune) {Bronson's #38}
Flanders-Ancient1, pp. 128-130, "Earl Brand" (1 text, 1 tune) {Bronson's #38}
Davis-Ballads 4, "Earl Brand" (4 texts plus 1 of "The Bold Soldier," 2 tunes entitled "The Seven Brothers, or The Seven Sleepers";"The Seven Brothers, or Lord William"; 1 more version mentioned in Appendix A) {Bronson's #24, #40}
Davis-More 5, pp. 26-34, "Earl Brand" (4 texts, 4 tunes; the "CC" text looks mixed)
BrownII 3, "Earl Brand" (2 texts plus 2 excerpts and mention of 3 more)
BrownSchinhanIV 3, "Earl Brand" (7 excerpts, 7 tunes)
Morris, #146, "Earl Brand" (1 text)
Moore-Southwest 5A, "Seven Sleepers"; 5B, "Lord William and Lord Douglas" (1 text plus 1 fragment, 2 tunes)
Lomax-Singing, pp. 154-156, "Sweet William" (1 text, 1 tune)
Hudson 2, pp. 66-68, "Earl Brand" (1 text)
HudsonTunes 22, "Sweet William (Earl Brand)" (1 text, 1 tune) {Bronson's #17}
Warner 79, "Sweet Willie" (1 text, 1 tune)
Warner-Eastern, pp. 8-9, "Sweet Willie" (1 text)
MHenry-Appalachians, pp. 45-46, "Sweet Willie (Earl Brand)" (1 text)
Scarborough-SongCatcher, pp. 115-116, "Earl Brand" (1 text, properly titled "Sweet William," plus an untitled excerpt)
Brewster 4, "Earl Brand" (1 text plus mention of 1 more, 1 tune) {Bronson's #35}
Musick-Larkin 38, "Lady Margaret" (1 text)
Greenleaf/Mansfield 2, "Lord Robert" (1 text)
Karpeles-Newfoundland 2, "Earl Brand" (1 text, 1 tune) {Bronson's #10)
Leach, pp. 66-71, "Earl Brand" (2 texts)
OBB 38, "Earl Brand"; 39, "The Douglas Tragedy" (2 texts)
Friedman, p. 68, "Earl Brand (The Douglas Tragedy)" (1 text+1 fragment)
Ord, pp. 404-406, "The Douglas Tragedy" (1 text, 1 tune)
PBB 33, "Earl Brand"; 49, "The Douglas Tragedy" (2 texts)
Niles 5, "Earl Brand" (3 texts, 3 tunes)
Gummere, pp. 206-208+349-350, "Earl Brand" (1 text)
SharpAp 4 "Earl Brand" (12 texts, 12 tunes) {Bronson's #13, #15, #14, #12, #11, #19, #20, #39, #26, #16, #36, #18}
Sharp/Karpeles-80E 3, "The Seven Sleepers" (1 text, 1 tune -- a single traditional verse filled out from other printed sources by the editor) {Bronson's #20, but Bronson has a different text}
Wells, pp. 147-148, "Sweet William and Fair Ellen" (1 text, 1 tune) {Bronson's #37}
Mackenzie 2, "The Seven Brethren" (1 text)
Hodgart, p. 29, "Earl Brand (the Douglas Tragedy)" (1 text)
TBB 13, "The Douglas Tragedy (Earl Brand)" (1 text)
JHCox 2, "Earl Brand" (1 text)
Gainer, pp. 8-9, "The Seven Sons" (1 text, 1 tune)
HarvClass-EP1, pp. 51-54, "The Douglas Tragedy" (1 text)
Abrahams/Foss, pp. 7-8, "Earl Brand" (1 text, 1 tune)
Morgan-Medieval, pp. 37-39; pp. 40-42, "Earl Bran" (2 text)
Silber-FSWB, p. 216, "Earl Brand" (1 text)
cf. BBI, ZN2487, "There was a bold seaman, a ship he could steer"
DT 7, DOUGTRAD* DOUGTRD2

Roud #23
RECORDINGS:
I. G. Greer & Mrs. I. G. Greer, "Sweet William (Earl Brand)" (AFS; on LC12) {Bronson's #34a/b}; Professor & Mrs. Greer, "Sweet William & Fair Ellen - Pts. 1 & 2" (Paramount 3236, 1930)
Henry McGregor, "The Douglas Tragedy (Earl Brand)" (on FSBBAL1)

CROSS-REFERENCES:
cf. "Erlinton" [Child 8] (plot)
cf. "The Bold Soldier [Laws M27]" (plot)
cf. "The Child of Elle (II)" (some plot elements: elopement, chase by father)
ALTERNATE TITLES:
Sweet Willie
Jolly Soldier
Lord William's Death
William and Ellen
Brandywine
The Child of Ell
Fair Ellender
Sweer William and Fair Ellen
As He Rode Up to the Old Man's Gate
Lady Margaret
NOTES: Child admits that he has "only with much hesitation" separated this from "Erlinton" [Child 8], and many others have inclined to join them. Scott viewed "A Child of Elle" (the Percy text of this piece) as a forerunner of "Erlinton."
Two of Niles's versions seem to be mixed texts; both relate a conversation between the knight and his horse, and end with the intertwined rose-and-briar. (This is not uncommon in American versions; Robert Shiflett, of Brown's Cove, Virginia, had a similar mixed version.) The second, "William and Ellen," consists primarily of these elements; little is left of the plot of "Earl Brand."
Quite a few people (e.g. Eddy) list "The Bold Soldier" [Laws M27] as a version of this balled, and some few of these may have slipped into the above list.
Incidentally, there is at least one historical instance of a man fighting off six enemies but then being wounded from behind: William the Marshal, famous for his service with Kings Richard I and John, and infamous for the role he allegedly played in "Queen Eleanor's Confession" [Child 156], was part of a party that was attacked in 1168. His horse was killed under him before he had donned all his armor, but he killed the horses of six attackers before one came from behind and disabled him by spearing him in the thigh (see Frank McLynn, Richard & John: Kings at War, Da Capo, 2007, pp. 62-63). - RBW
Last updated in version 4.2
File: C007

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