Facts About Autism
Information About Autism
- Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to a class of pervasive developmental disorders typically appearing by age 3 or earlier (CDC, 2010)
- Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have in common a set of symptoms and behavioral characteristics that primarily affect social relatedness, communication and language; although the nature of these "spectrum disorders" is that there are multiple variants and partial expressions of the disorder, with no single characteristic being common among all persons that, nonetheless, share some symptoms in common (CDC, 2010)
- ASD affects 1 in 68 children (CDC, 2014)
- In California, between 1987 and 1998 the number of children diagnosed with ASD jumped 273% (CDC, 2006)
What is Applied Behavior Analysis?
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a sub-field of psychology that focuses on objective behavioral science. ABA is used for many socially significant problems, many of which are related to work with children.
One of the most significant areas of application for ABA is treatment for children with autism.
ABA programs are developed by carefully assessing each individual child for learning and behavioral strengths and deficits. Areas of deficit will be targeted for skill acquisition by creating sequential learning steps. These basic learning units will be organized into planned teaching sessions and repeated many times to give the child ample opportunity to learn the skill.