A. THE CORE CURRICULUM
Anth 1, 2, and 3 are taught each semester. Anth 101 and S Sci 15 are taught once each year.
1. Introduction to Physical Anthropology (3)
This course examines the biological basis of being human. It compares us with our primate relatives, traces the evolution of our species from 4 million-year-old austra lopithecines, and accounts for the great anatomical and biochemical diversity among modern human populations. (CAN ANTH 2)
2. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3)
Not open to students with credit in Anth 15 or S Sci 15. Examines the nature of culture, humanity's unique mechanism for adapting to the changing environment. It explores the varieties of human life and explains how culture has made possible the range of different and successful societies, from hunters and gatherers to industrial civilization. (CAN ANTH 4)
3. Introduction to Prehistory (3)
An exploration of human prehistory as revealed by the archaeological record. Traces the evolution of culture, from its earliest expression in crude stone tools more than 2 million years old, through the emergence of agriculture and the first civilizations. (CAN ANTH 6)
15. Man's Place in the Natural Environment (5)
A special introduction, involving extended field trips, which integrates introductory cultural anthropology and archaeology to explain how past and present peoples have adapted to and altered biological and geological processes and features. Offered only in the fall as part of the 17-unit "Man and the Natural Environment" program which requires concurrent enrollment in Biol 15, Geol 15, and N Sci 15. (Field trip fees: $150)
50. Anthropology, Science, and Knowledge (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 2 and either Anth 1 or 3; or permission. This course explores the scientific concepts which underlie all four subfields of anthropology. It discusses the basic methodology employed in anthropological research and analyzes the cultural factors which influence the way in which scientific inquiry and interpretation are conducted.
101. Field Work in Anthropology (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 106 or 108. An introduction to the role, the theory, and the rudimentary techniques of fieldwork in archaeology, and ethnology. Requires some field trips, including weekends.
II. Method and Theory
These courses are offered once each year.
102. Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 1 or 2. A compendium of current thinking on language from a variety of interdisciplinary perspectives. Discusses brain functions and language process in human and nonhuman communication systems, and the roles of language in human evolution, behavior, and thought.
104. History and Theory of Anthropology (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 2. A history of the growth of anthropological thought through an analysis of the informational and explanatory powers of five major theoretical schools: Nineteenth-century Evolutionists, British Functionalists, Boasian Historical Particularists, Neo-Evolutionists/Marxists, and Cognitivists.
106. Contemporary Archaeology (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 2, 3, or permission of instructor. An overview of the nature of archaeological data and its use in reconstructing the lifeways of prehistoric peoples. Special emphasis is given to the development of modern archaeological theory, the current state of the profession, and its present trends and limits.
108. Urban Anthropology (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 2, 3, or permission. The uneven distribution and explosive growth of humanity during this century evolved a lifestyle whose implications are poorly understood: urban existence. Reviews cross-cultural and interdisciplinary evidence and explanations for urbanization, with a focus on American life.
B. THE ELECTIVE CURRICULUM
III. Area Surveys
121. Peoples and Cultures of South America (3)
Prerequisites: Anth 2. A survey of South American Indian tribes and civilizations since prehistoric times, based on archaeological and ethnographic data. Explores the interplay between environment and local cultural adaptations, and examines the effect of historical contact with European peoples.
123. Peoples and Cultures of Southeast Asia (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 2. An introductory survey of the cultural and historical adaptations of societies in Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam; and of Insular societies in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Examines the major effects of culture contact between East and West.
124. Peoples and Cultures of East Asia (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 2. Examines cultural pluralism. Considers cultural adaptations and change among minorities such as Moslems, Tibetans, and Mongolians in China, and ethnic groups of Japan and Korea. Outlines kinship, religion, organization, and technological factors in the Asiatic culture complex.
127. Peoples and Cultures of the Southwest (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 2. A survey of Native American cultures of the Southwestern United States and Northwestern Mexico from their prehistoric origins to the present. Emphasis is placed on cultural continuity and change during the past 400 years of contact with western culture.
129T. Topics in Area Surveys (1-3)
Prerequisite: Anth 2. Special surveys of peoples and cultures in regions not covered in the regular curriculum, such as Africa, the Caribbean, or the Middle East. The contributions of the Etruscans, Scythians, Slavs, Germanics, Celts, Vikings, Brits, and others to the birth of history.
131. Prehistory of North America (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 3. Traces the development of Native American cultures from the Arctic to Mesoamerica, from the peopling of the continent to early historic times. Examines the archaeological evidence for the antiquity, spread, and variation of cultural adaptations to changing ecological conditions.
132. Prehistoric Europe (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 3. Outlines the peopling of the European continent, and the origin and spread of its cultures from Neanderthal times through the Middle Ages. The contributions of the Etruscans, Scythians, Slavs, Germanics, Celts, Vikings, Brits and others to the birth of history.
135. Origins of Civilization (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 3. The emergence o1 agriculture between 10,000 and 5,000 years ago led to the evolution of state organization and urban society, which completely transformed human existence. This course examines the archaeological evidence and theories that seek to explain these crucial developments.
139T. Topics in Archaeology (1-3)
Prerequisite: varies with title. Special studies in archaeological methods, techniques, history and theory, or of prehistoric culture areas not covered in the regular curriculum.
V. Social Organization
140. Organization and Inequality (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 2. Examines cooperation, competition, dominance, and predation in the division of labor and its rewards. Achievement and ascription of roles and statuses on the basis of sex, age, and perceived value in bands, tribes, feudal states, caste, and class systems.
142. Anthropology of War (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 2. An interdisciplinary analysis of the evolution of violence and aggression. Examines theoretical explanations for warfare from biological determinism to elite predation, and indicates its costs and benefits to individual and group welfare at different stages of cultural complexity.
144. The Design of Cultures (3)
Normally open only to students who have completed the core curriculum. Analyzes culture change and its management from the perspective that any culture represents only one of many possible sets of responses to evolutionary challenges. Stresses decision-making in cultural evolution. Students collectively design a culture to fit specific hypothetical conditions.
149T. Topics in Social Organization (1-3)
Prerequisite: varies with title. Special studies in the theory and practice of organized cooperation and conflict in nature and culture.
VI. World View
150W. Anthropology of Religion (3)
Prerequisites: Engl 1, Anth 2. Examines the patterned belief systems of the world's tribal, peasant, and sectarian societies. Stresses the role of religion in individual and group perception, cognition, ritual, and social organization. Topics include myth, magic, shamanism, mysticism, witchcraft, trance, hallucinogens, and cultism. Meets upper-division writing skills requirement for graduation.
153. Anthropological Psychology (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 2. Outlines the psychocultural evolution of human learning, cognition, motives, values, and decision-making. Indicates axiomatic assumptions in cultures, and the effects of their acquisition and loss. Explains identity and personality as dynamic adaptations to impermanence in physiology and environment.
155. Folk Medicine (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 2. A cross-cultural examination of health practices and of the cultural assumptions and attitudes on which they are based. Reviews ethnomedicine, ethnopsychiatry, and epidemiology in the health care systems of non-Westerners and of ethnic communities in pluralistic America.
159T. Topics in Ideology (1-3)
Prerequisite: varies with title. Special studies on the form and function of ideology or of specific ideological systems, constructs, or practices.
VII. Physical Anthropology
161. Fossil Man (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 1. A critical examination of the fossil evidence for hominid forms and behaviors in the Pliocene and Pleistocene epochs. Focuses on the specific evolutionary factors which led to the emergence of modern humanity.
162. Primates (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 1. An introduction to the study of primate biological and behavioral evolution. Explores sociobiological theory in order to explain the unity and diversity of social behavior in prosimians, monkeys, and apes.
163. Human Variation (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 1. A cross-cultural examination of variations in human morphology, physiology, and biochemistry. Establishes the correlation between variations in human biology and variations in climate, culture, nutrition, and disease.
164. Human Osteology (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 1. Introduces a range of analytic techniques for extracting information from human skeletal remains: sexing and aging, osteometry, odontometry, the examination and diagnosis of epigenetic traits and pathological lesion, and the statistical interpretation of skeletal data.
169T. Topics in Physical Anthropology (1-3)
Prerequisite: Anth 1. Special studies of the discovery and interpretation of information in physical anthropology, and of the application of this subdiscipline in legal, medical, and scientific research.
VIII. Subcultural Variation
170. Women: Culture and Biology (3)
(Same as W S 170.) Prerequisite: Anth 1 or 2. A cross-cultural and interdisciplinary analysis of the determinants of female statuses and circumstances. Examines theories, including biological and cultural determinism, which explain variations in the expression of sexuality, maturation, reproduction, and the life cycle.
172. Ethnic Relations and Cultures (3)
Prerequisite: Anth 2 or permission. The cultural and social origins of ethnicity, and its opportunities and problems for contemporary mass societies. Offers a critical review of major theories on ethnic politics, economics, and ideology in the light of cross-cultural evidence.
179T. Topics in Subcultural Variation (1-3)
Prerequisite: varies with title. Special studies on the origin, evolution, manifestation and implication of subcultural differences in the modern world. Selected topics may include criminal, sexual, physically impaired, or institutional subcultures.
C. THE SPECIAL CURRICULUM
Courses in this division cover topics outside of the standard curriculum, including student research projects. Credit earned in these courses applies to the 124-unit university graduation requirement, but ordinarily may not be applied to the requirements for the anthropology major or minor.
IX. Popular Anthropology
181. Cultures and Foods of East Asia (3)
(Same as AsAm 151.) Treats cuisine as a systematic product of the interaction between culture and ecology. Focuses on sociocultural rather than bio-nutritional factors in the preparation and ritual implications of food in Mainland and Insular Asia. Students learn to prepare and serve a variety of Oriental dishes.
186. Tradition and Change in China and Japan (3)
(Same as Hum 140.) Examines the current aspirations and problems of the Chinese and Japanese in terms of their traditional cultures, and explains how their histories, values, world views, and intellectual traditions affect their lifestyles and their international relations today.
189T. Topics in Popular Anthropology (1-3)
Anthropological approaches to topics of public interest, presented in a fashion which does not require the student to have previous experience in anthropology.
X. Advanced Study in Anthropology
The following courses are normally open only to students who have completed the core curriculum.
190. Independent Study (1-3; max see reference)
See Academic Placement -- Independent Study.
192. Directed Readings (1-3)
Prerequisite: normally open only to students who have completed the core curriculum. Supervised reading on a student-selected topic outside the regular curriculum, conducted under regular consultation with a faculty sponsor.
199. Honors Thesis (1-3)
Prerequisites: normally open only to students who have completed the core curriculum and who maintain a GPA in anthropology of at least 3.5. Development of a student report or paper into a manuscript of professional and publishable quality. Requires approval by an Honors Committee of three faculty members.
Asian American Studies (AsAm)
15. Introduction to Asian American Status and Identity (3)
Historical, social, and psychological factors in the changing status and identity of Americans from Asia. Examines variables such as cultural heritage, family organization, intergenerational conflict, and the experience of racism in the changing world of Asian Americans.
30. Japanese Americans in the United States (3)
A survey of social adaptations and cultural changes among Japanese Americans in different communities such as California and Hawaii. Considers identity, marginality, acculturation, and cultural traditions in Japan and in American communities.
56. Chinese Americans in the United States (3)
A survey of social adaptations and cultural changes among Chinese Americans in such places as California, Hawaii, and New York. Considers identity, marginality, acculturation, and cultural traditions in China and in American communities.
110. Asian American Communities (3)
A multidisciplinary study of Asian American communities and their relations with the larger society. Analyzes values, lifestyles, processes of group identity and boundary maintenance, social organization, and cultural change. Examination of Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, and other Asian American subcultures.
150. Asian American Expression (3)
The study of Asian and Asian American literature, art, music, and drama. Examines the role of creative expression as a way of understanding changing views of ethnicity and community identity.
151. Cultures and Foods of East Asia (3)
(See Anth 181.)
180T. Topics in Asian American Studies (3; max total 6)
Prerequisites: AsAm 15, permission of instructor. Detailed consideration of a single topic concerning the past or present position of Asian Americans in U.S. society.
190. Independent Study (1-3; max see reference)
See Academic Placement -- Independent Study.
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