Classical Studies, Minor


Department of Modern and Classical Languages and Literatures

Debbie Avila, Chair
Peters Building, Room 393
FAX: 559.278.7878

Degrees and Programs Offered

BA in French, B.A.
BA in Spanish, B.A.
CRED in Single Subject Credential - French
CRED in Single Subject Credential - Spanish
MA in Spanish, M.A.
MN in French, Minor
MN in German, Minor
MN in Spanish, Minor
MN in Classical Studies, Minor

Courses Offered

Because of increasing mobility in our modern world, it takes no time at all to travel to places where people speak a language other than English. If you visit or go to work in another country you will quickly learn the fallacy of the phrase, "Everyone speaks English there; don't worry!" Even in California, scarcely a day goes by that you do not hear people conversing in a language other than English, because the United States has a wealth of different heritage languages. Whether you travel overseas or stay in the United States, you will be more culturally sensitive if you are bilingual and bicultural. For example, agricultural, health, and music professionals benefit from knowing another language. It is never too late to acquire another culture and language.

The goal of the Department of Modern and Classical Languages and Literatures is to encourage multiculturalism and multilingualism in the Central Valley. That includes preparing students for communication in some of the important heritage languages of the area: German, Spanish, French, Italian, and Portuguese. These are also important languages of Mexico, Central and South America, and the European Union, so students are able to travel or work overseas with greater ease. The department also offers Greek and Latin, as well as Classical Studies and Humanities.

The department has programs for those who wish to be middle and high school teachers of French and Spanish. We offer courses to prepare those who wish to be bilingual/ cross-cultural teachers in elementary schools. We also offer courses in Italian, Portuguese, and other languages to the surrounding community. The department offers a major and a minor in French and Spanish, a minor in German, a minor in Humanities, and a minor in Classical Studies. We collaborate with the Department of Linguistics to offer the B.A. Option in Language Studies.

Students completing the M.A. in Spanish often teach at high schools, community colleges, or go on to Ph.D. programs. Our Master of Arts program in Spanish is one of the largest and best in the California State University system. Students come from all over California to study with our prestigious faculty members. Our faculty members are well-recognized for their expertise in Spanish language pedagogy; Golden Age literature; contemporary Mexican, South American, and Peninsular literature; Spanish linguistics and dialectology; creative writing in Spanish; and Hispanic culture. M.A. students may apply for a limited number of teaching assistant positions.

Study Abroad Programs: Apply as a Sophomore

Sophomore students having a minimum GPA of 3.0 are eligible to apply for participation during their junior or senior years in one of the International Programs organized by the California State University System under agreements with universities in 18 countries, including France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Spain, and Peru. See International Programs (Overseas). Students may find it useful to consult with a professor in the Department of Modern and Classical Languages and Literatures. A small scholarship is available for qualified study abroad scholars.

Credit Allowance in Foreign Language

Students may begin a study of any language they desire to learn. However, if they want to continue study of a language they recently studied in high school, they must adhere to the following guidelines:

A. Students who have had less than two years of that language in high school will enroll in either a 1A or 1B class in that language, depending on the quality of the high school language experience.

B. Students who have studied a language for two years in high school will enroll in a 1B class in that language.

C. Students who have studied a language for three years in high school will enroll in a 2A class in that language.

D. Students who have studied a language for four years in high school will enroll in a 2B class in that language.

E. Students who have passed an AP test in a language, or who have five or more years of language study, should consult a department adviser for appropriate placement.

F. Students who have taken Greek and Latin in high school should consult a department adviser for appropriate placement. G. Spanish-speaking students who have appropriate oral language skills will enroll in Spanish 4A.

H. Credit may not be awarded for a lower-division language course if the student has
received credit for an upper-division course in that language, other than SPAN 110T, SPAN
125, SPAN 129 and courses taught in English: FREN 149, GERM 103T, LATIN 132.

Credit by Examination

Students who have taken one or more years of a language in high school may not challenge a 1A course in that language. Students who have taken two or more years of a language in high school may not challenge a 1B course in that language. Students who have taken three years of a language in high school may not challenge 2A in that language. Students who have completed the equivalent of ninth grade or more in the native country may not enroll in or challenge lower-division courses. Such students are not exempted from meeting General Education requirements.

General Education Foreign Language Credit

The following courses are applicable to the General Education requirement: HUM 10, 11, 15, 20; FREN 1B, 2A, 2B, 109, 149; GERM 1B, 2A, 2B; GRK 1A, 1B; ITAL 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B; LATIN 1A, 1B; PORT 1A, 1B; SPAN 1B, 2A, 2B, 3, 4A, 4B, 125, 129. See also Department of Linguistics.


Minor in Classical Studies Requirements

The Classical Studies Minor is an interdisciplinary program designed for students interested in classical civilization and for those who wish to teach classical languages and culture or who wish to enter a graduate program in which a minor would give a sound foundation for further work.

The minor allows for three areas of interest: Latin, Greek, and Classics (Greek and Latin).

HIST 112 or HUM 110 (3 units)
LATIN 1A1B (6 units)
LATIN 131T (2) (6 units)
Approved electives (9 units)
Total (24 units)

HIST 111 or HUM 108 (3 units)
GRK 1A1B (6 units)
GRK 131T (2) (6 units)
Approved electives (9 units)
Total (24 units)

HIST 111 or HUM 108HIST 112 or HUM 110 (6 units)
LATIN 1A1B (6 units)
GRK 1A1B (6 units)
LATIN 131T or GRK 131T (3 units)
Approved electives (3 units)
Total (24 units)

Note: The Classical Studies Minor also requires a 2.0 GPA and 6 upper-division units in residence.

Approved Course Electives

The following list includes the elective courses most directly concerned. For further information, consult Honora H. Chapman or Bruce S. Thornton.

Art History
ARTH 10 The Ancient and Primitive World (3 units)
ARTH 109T Topics in Art History (1-3; max 3 per area)

DRAMA 185 History of the Theatre and Drama (3)

HUM 108 Humanities in Classical Athens (3 units)
HUM 110 Humanities in Republican and Imperial Rome (3)

ENGL 112 World Literature: Ancient (4)

Foreign Language
GRK 1A, 1B Elementary Greek (3, 3)
GRK 131T Greek Literature (3; max total 12 units if no topic repeated)
GRK 190 Independent Study (1-3)

LATIN 1A, 1B Elementary Latin (3, 3)
LATIN 131T Latin Literature (3; repeatable with different topic)
LATIN 132 Classical Mythology (3 units)
LATIN 190 Independent Study (1-3)

HIST 1 Western Civilization I (3 units)
HIST 103 History of Early Christianity (3 units)
HIST 110 Ancient Near East (3 units)
HIST 111 Ancient Greece (3 units)
HIST 112 Ancient Rome (3 units)
HIST 116 Greek and Roman Religion (3 units)
HIST 119T Studies in Ancient History (1-3; max total 6 units if no topic repeated)
HIST 190 Independent Study (1-3)

PHIL 101 Ancient Philosophy (3 units)

KINES 111 The Olympic Games (3)

Political Science
PLSI 110 Seminar in History of Political Thought to Macchiavelli (3 units)



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