Entrepreneurship in primary education curriculums: An initial exploration of high school students' entrepreneurial intentions and self-efficacy
California State University, Fresno
Entrepreneurial intentions (EI) are a conscious state of mind that directs attention, experience, and action towards the creation of a venture (Bird, 1988, 1992; Gartner, 1985; Learned, 1992). Across a wide variety of domains intentions are critical to our understanding of the antecedents, correlates, and consequences of purposive behavior (Ajzen, 1987; Ajzen & Fishbein, 1980). Moreover, intentions are the single best predictor of any planned behavior (Ajzen, 2001, 2008; Armitage & Conner, 2001), including entrepreneurial behavior. The study of entrepreneurial intentions and self-efficacy offers key insights into the emergence process (i.e., what are the antecedents of emergence, and how do they influence emergence; Krueger & Carsrud, 1993) of high school students, a historically understudied population. Insights in this regard provide unique insight into how we approach entrepreneurship education and how we view venture emergence from students. Data were collected from apx. 200 students participating in a Network for Teaching Entrepreneurship (NFTE) course through their local school.